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VS News Desk: Get the Latest Crime & Courts News

By Benson Varghese

Last Updated: April 15th, 2021
Published on: March 9th, 2021

Thanks for joining us at VS News Desk — the place you turn to for the most interesting news about crime and courts from experienced defense attorneys. Here’s a look at the latest local and national headlines:

 

Officer Charged with Manslaughter in Daunte Wright Fatal Shooting

The Minnesota police officer who fatally shot Daunte Wright, a 20-year-old Black man, after reportedly mistaking her handgun for her taser has been charged with second-degree manslaughter.

While it is rare for police to mistake their sidearms for stun guns, it’s even rarer for charges to be brought against them.

Officer Kimberly Pott was arrested on Wednesday, one day after she and her police chief resigned from the Brooklyn Center Police Department, a Minneapolis suburb. She is free after posting $100,000 bond and is expected to appear in court today.

Officials said Potter, who is white, shot and killed Daunte Wright – a 20-year-old black man – during a traffic stop on Sunday night after she drew and fired her gun instead of her taser.

Potter, a 26 year veteran officer, was training a younger officer when they pulled Wright over for expired registration. When officers found Wright had a warrant out for failing to appear in court on a gun charge, they attempted to handcuff him outside his car. He twisted away to get back in his car.

In body-camera footage, Potter warned that she would use a stun gun on Wright and then shouted “Taser!” three times before firing once into his chest.  Potter could be heard swearing and saying, “I just shot him.” The police chief later described the killing as an “accidental discharge.”

The second-degree manslaughter charge suggests that prosecutors believe that Potter didn’t intend to kill Wright but mixed up her weapons. Second-degree manslaughter charges often stem from offenses that are not planned — such as hunting accidents.

Under Minnesota law, someone is guilty of second-degree manslaughter if that person causes the death of another through “culpable negligence” and “creates an unreasonable risk, and consciously takes chances of causing death or great bodily harm to another.” The charge carries a maximum penalty of 10 years in prison and a $20,000 fine.

Prosecutors may have a difficult time proving this case. The New York Times reviewed 15 other cases of so-called weapon confusion over the past 20 years and found only five of the officers were indicted. And only three were found guilty.

Second-degree manslaughter is also among the charges that Minneapolis police officer Derek Chauvin is facing in his trial in George Floyd’s death, which is nearing its closing arguments and is being held just miles away.


Police Chief, Officer Resign in Wake of Protests Over Daunte Wright Killing

Police Officer Kim Potter resigned Tuesday, two days after fatally shooting Daunte Wright, an unarmed black man during a traffic stop in a Minneapolis suburb. Police Chief Tim Gannon also resigned after revealing Potter likely shot Wright by accident, believing she was firing a taser instead of a pistol.

Protests erupted in Minnesota and across the country last night as demonstrators express outrage over another police killing of a black man. The latest death occurred just 10 miles away from where the murder trial of officer Derek Chauvin is being held in the killing of George Floyd.

Prosecutors have said they expect to have a decision today regarding whether Office Potter will face charges. Potter, who is white, shot and killed Daunte Wright – a 20-year-old black man – during a traffic stop in Brooklyn Center, Minn., on Sunday.

Body camera footage shows a struggle as officers tried to handcuff Wright. During the struggle, Potter  drew her and fired her gun instead of a Taser, killing Wright.

By resigning – instead of being fired – Potter could potentially keep her pension and later work for another department.

The community is calling for justice, but will they be satisfied?

Officers involved in police shootings are rarely held accountable for killing someone.

Earlier this month, another police officer who shot a black man returned to work. Rusten Sheskey, a Wisconsin police officer who shot Jacob Blake multiple times in the back in front of his children last August, is back on the job and will not face any discipline charges. Blake survived the shooting and it was determined the officer acted within the law.

The world is watching how the latest officer involved shooting – and the Derek Chauvin trial just miles away – will play out.

 


Racist Bullying: Aledo Students Punished for ‘Slave Trade’ Posts

A group of ninth-grade students in Aledo ISD have been disciplined after it was discovered they set up a group chat and pretended to sell their black classmates. The chat, labeled “Slave trade,” contained racial slurs including the “N” word.

Officials said the students attend Daniel Ninth Grade Campus and were communicating on Snapchat and playing a “game” that put prices on classmates of color and trading them.

In the auction, one student was worth $100, while another was only worth $1 because they he didn’t like his hair.

This story hit the press as racial tensions across the country continue to rise. Protests swarmed as in Minnesota as another black man was killed this week during a routine traffic stop, and the trial against George Floyd’s killer trudges on.

Aledo Independent School District leaders sent a note home to parents and have posted a statement on their website.

The statement said that an immediate and thorough investigation was launched that involved law enforcement. They determined that racial harassment and cyber bullying had occurred and assigned disciplinary consequences in accordance the Student Code of Conduct.

To date, no criminal consequences have been announced. However, cyberbullying and harassment are illegal in Texas.

Cyberbullying is a Class B misdemeanor punishable by up 180 days in jail and a maximum $2,000 fine. The offense becomes a Class A misdemeanor, one level higher if the offender has a previous conviction for cyberbullying or if the victim was under 18 years old and targeted with the intent to make the victim commit suicide or hurt themselves.

Cyberbullies can also face expulsion or be sent to alternative school.

If any students is arrested and they are under the age of 17, they would be handled through the juvenile system.

Could a defense exist?

Law enforcement will need to prove the identity of the alleged offenders. It is not enough that a post came from a specific social media profile. They need to confirm the person on the other end of the post is one in the same. With automatic log-ins due to saved passwords, it would be easy to see how seemingly innocent exchanges of phones or tablets between students could lead to incriminating posts that were not the words or intentions of the alleged offender.

Identity issues aside, some parents have said the discipline was not enough and some have even called the incident a hate crime. Parents are planning on showing up at the next school board meeting to demand the community do more to address racism.


Crackdown on Counterfeit Purses, Shoes at Worlds Largest Flea Market

Two women were arrested last week on accusations of selling fake designer purses, shoes, sunglasses and caps at the First Monday Trade Days in Canton, Texas, which is located about 60 miles east of Dallas.

The arrests stemmed from an undercover investigation by Homeland Security Investigations, a federal agency tasked with keeping counterfeit products off U.S. streets.

Over 1,000 counterfeit luxury items, including Louis Vuitton, Chanel, Gucci and Hermes, with a retail value of $1.3 million were confiscated. In addition to federal agents, local, county and state authorities also played crucial roles in the seizure.

The women will be prosecuted by the Van Zandt County District Attorney’s Office.

They are facing charges of trademark counterfeiting. Under Texas law, trademark counterfeiting occurs when a person copies a company’s mark and uses it with the intent to sell, advertise or manufacture a product or service. The punishment depends on the retail value of the item or service.

One of the women is facing a third-degree felony, which applies when the retail value is between $30,000 and $150,000. The other women is reportedly facing a state jail felony, which applies when the retail value is between $2500 to $30,000.

Officials said the crackdown on counterfeit goods is an effort to maintain the integrity of the First Monday trade days, which began in 1850 and has become the largest flea market in the world.

The crackdown should also serve as a caution to others who sell counterfeit designer items from their homes or on the Internet.


Pandemic Liability Bill Passes Senate
April 9, 2021

On Thursday, the Texas Senate passed a pandemic liability protection bill that would prevent certain businesses and organizations from COVID-related lawsuits.

Opponents say the bill goes too far and could give negligent caregivers and nursing homes a free pass.

Senate Bill 6, also known as the Pandemic Liability Protection Act, was introduced by state Senator Kelly Hancock, a Republican from North Richland Hills.

The bill, which was passed by the Senate on Tuesday, seeks to provide COVID liability protections for health care providers, businesses, religious institutions, schools and non-profit organizations that attempt to follow safety protocols with respect to COVID.

Simply put, the legislation would prevent certain organizations, including nursing homes, from being sued by individuals or their aggrieved families for contracting COVID at their facilities or under their care.

It also makes it harder for residents and their families to hold facilities accountable for injuries and death that occur due to substandard, negligent care provided during the pandemic due to staff shortages.

Some legal experts counter, however, that the legislation would not prevent lawsuits in cases where plaintiffs can prove reckless or willful misconduct or malice.

Governor Abbott named pandemic liability protection an emergency item, which means its journey through the legislature can be expedited. On Thursday, the Senate approved the legislation. It now moves to the House of Representatives for further consideration.

This one hits close to home.

My grandmother died of COVID, which she contracted inside a nursing home facility by a staff member who didn’t follow basic CDC guidelines approximately 10 months into the pandemic.

I’m opposed. At the very least, Senate Bill 6 must be revised to protect nursing home residents.


Ex-Cop Accused of Capital Murder is Released for Lack of Evidence
April 8, 2021

On Wednesday afternoon, former Dallas Police Officer Bryan Riser was released from jail after a judge ruled that there was insufficient evidence to prosecute him on two charges of capital murder.

Judge Audrey Moorehead ordered his release after listening to about three hours of testimony from a Dallas homicide detective. The hearing – called an examining trial – was to determine whether the case should move forward to the grand jury.

The hearings are not common, and yesterday there was a surprising twist.

Prosecutors took the unusual step of publicly disagreeing with the lead homicide, and told the judge in open court that they didn’t believe there was sufficient probable cause in the two capital murder cases against Riser.

The judge agreed and ordered his release from the county jail.

Riser was arrested on capital murder charges on March 4 in the separate slayings of Liza Saenz and Albert Douglas in 2017. Riser, who was fired from the force five days later, was alleged to have hired three men to kill the victims.

One of those men – who is already serving a life sentence for a different double murder – came forward and said Riser ordered the killings. However, prosecutors say they don’t have evidence to corroborate the inmate’s story that Riser was behind the murder-for-hire plots.

Texas law prohibits jurors from convicting someone solely on the testimony of an alleged accomplice.

During the hearing, Riser’s defense attorney, Toby Shook, also pointed out several errors in the first affidavit used to arrest Riser. Shook has maintained his client’s innocence.

So what happens next?

The Dallas County District Attorney said that, although there is not enough evidence to prosecute, the investigation will continue. The judge’s ruling, however, means the case will not go to the grand jury without additional evidence.

As for Riser? His attorney and his family are calling for an audit of the police department’s investigation  and the decision to arrest.


Two Children Killed in Bizarre Backhoe Accident
April 7, 2021

Two children were killed and others were injured over the weekend in a bizarre backhoe accident. A family member has been charged in connection with their deaths.

On Saturday evening, emergency personnel responded to a tragic scene in Roanoak Texas, where two children were killed and several other people were injured while riding on various part of a John Deere backhoe.

Officials said several adults and children were riding on the backhoe when the front bucket dumped forward, spilling the people inside to the ground.

Authorities said two children, ages 7 and 11, were run over and died at the scene. Two other children and an adult suffered injuries and were transported to nearby hospitals.

The deceased children have been identified as students of Trinity Valley, a private school in Fort Worth.

The driver of the backhoe was arrested. Officials have not said how he is related to the victims, but he shares their last name. Social media is identifying the driver as the children’s father.

He faces numerous charges, including two counts of manslaughter, three counts of endangering a child and one count of aggravated assault with a deadly weapon.

In Texas, a person can be charged with manslaughter if they recklessly cause a person’s death. Manslaughter charges often stem from tragedies that occur unintentionally, but where a substantial and unjustifiable risk was present.

Manslaughter is punishable by two to 20 years in prison.

The question we have to ask is why, in the face of unimaginable tragedy, would criminal charges be piled on so quickly? And what defense could potentially apply?

It is going to come down to the defendant’s mental state and whether his actions were intentional, reckless or negligent.  The mechanics of the backhoe will also be a strong consideration and whether the machine was in proper working order.

There is still a lot we don’t know about this incident, including why so many people were riding on the backhoe and what exactly went wrong.


Dallas Police Chase Suspect in Stolen Ambulance
April 6, 2021

A man is in custody after police said he stole an ambulance from a Dallas fire station and led police on a chase through several North Texas counties.

Police said the man, who has not yet been identified, took the ambulance Monday morning from Fire Station No. 53 in east Dallas. He was later spotted by police driving the ambulance in the southeast Dallas.

The driver refused to stop, and led police on a chase for more than an hour, including off-road and through neighborhoods.

Police eventually disabled the ambulance with spike strips, causing the ambulance to bottom out on a curb.

The driver bailed out and tried to outrun police. He was taken into custody a short time later.

No one was injured during the police pursuit, which was captured live by news helicopters.

The man is likely facing a number of charges, including evading arrest in a motor vehicle, evading on foot, and felony theft of a vehicle.

If convicted of the theft, the suspect could also face increased punishment because the offense occurred during a disaster declaration.

Last year, Governor Abbott issued a disaster declaration due to COVID, which increases punishments by one level for a handful of offenses, including theft. Yesterday, that disaster declaration was renewed once again by the governor.

Although it may seem bizarre and rare, there have been numerous cases of stolen ambulances in Texas. Earlier this year, another ambulance was stolen in Dallas. And last year, an ambulance was stolen in Fort Worth.

In an even stranger coincidence, last year an ambulance was stolen from the exact same fire station as the one yesterday. It was later recovered in Louisiana. No word on whether the two cases are connected.

So the entire incident was caught on camera, but is it defensible? The question you have to ask it why this happened? Was the driver suffering a mental health episode at the time? Does he have a history of mental illness or substance abuse? Is his background mitigating enough to warrant leniency from the state?

All of this remains to be seen.


Plano Police Change Marijuana Arrest Policy
April 5, 2021

Last week, Plano Police Chief Ed  Drain announced that his officers will no longer arrest people for possessing two ounces of marijuana or less, which is normally a Class B misdemeanor punishable by up to a 180 days in jail.

Instead, officers may, at their discretion, issue a ticket for possession of drug paraphernalia. That is a reduced charge punishable by up to a $500 fine paid in municipal court.

The department changed its policy after a review of costs and trends stemming from marijuana arrests. The Chief said the review showed racial disparity, specifically more African Americans are arrested for minor amounts of marijuana  – even though surveys show white, black and hispanics use marijuana at a similar rate.

The Chief said it also not cost-effective to arrest people for low-level amounts of weed. Now that hemp is legal in Texas, police must pay to have marijuana tested to determine its THC content before cases are accepted for prosecution.

So where do other North Texas cities stand on low-level marijuana arrests?

Under Texas law, police departments can implement a cite and release policy for possession of marijuana under four ounces. Dallas police already follow a “cite and release” policy. And late last year, Fort Worth police announced they are no longer arresting or citing people for low amounts of pot.

Decriminalizing marijuana is a growing trend in the lone star state.

More than 50 marijuana related bills have been filed so far this year in the Texas Legislature, covering a range of issues from decreased penalties to outright legalization.

Well, keep an eye on them to see which ones gain traction.


Audit: Tarrant County Coroner Made Dozens of Mistakes in Autopsies
April 1, 2021

A jaw-dropping audit has revealed that a suspended Tarrant County coroner made 59 mistakes in 40 death investigations – and there were mistakes in the audit as well.

Dr. Marc Krouse, who has been with the Tarrant County Medical Examiner’s Office since 1981, has been suspended and his last day will be April 24.

The audit was ordered after investigators realized Krouse missed a bullet in a homicide investigation during an autopsy in September. The victim’s body had to be exhumed.

The audit, which was conducted by Tarrant County Chief Medical Examiner Nizam Peerwani, reviewed 40 death investigations handled by Krouse over a 10-mnth span and found 59 mistakes.

According to the audit, Krouse repeatedly failed to request or review ambulance reports and hospital records. In some cases he failed to confirm a victim’s identity by fingerprint or other scientific means. In two cases, Krouse’s mistakes were called “egregious.”

What’s more, numerous mistakes have now also been found in the audit itself. Some ages, dates and addresses are inaccurate, according to NBC 5. In one instance, the audit claimed the autopsy of the 15-year-old boy was done on June 22 — four days before his death was reported on June 26.

Medical Examiner Nizam Peerwani has said the mistakes will be corrected and a new audit will be sent by the Tarrant County District Attorneys Office to defense attorneys.

The Dallas District Attorneys Office has been appointed to do an independent full-scale review of Krouse’s work.

The ramifications of the Krouse’s errors are far-reaching. More than 400 pending cases in Tarrant County could be impacted.


Qualified Immunity for Police: Where Does Texas Stand?
March 31, 2021

 

The New York City Council has passed legislation that effectively ends qualified immunity for police officers in cases of excessive force, making it easier for people to sue officers.

Qualified immunity is a legal doctrine that, for decades, has prohibited police officers from being sued for alleged misconduct – unless the officer clearly violated an established constitutional right. The concept has made it nearly impossible to hold officers personally accountable.

Qualified immunity has become a focus of police reform across the country in the aftermath of protests sparked by the death of George Floyd.

Floyd, who is black, died after a white Minneapolis police officer kneeled on his neck for nine minutes and 29 seconds.  That officer, Derek Chauvin, is currently on trial for murder.

So where does Texas stand on qualified immunity and police reform in the wake of the civil unrest?

A sweeping police reform bill, called the George Floyd Act, was presented last week to the Texas House Committee on Homeland Security and Public Safety. The bill – House Bill 88 – seeks to ban chokeholds and required deadly force to end the “moment the imminent threat of death” is eliminated. It would also create the duty for officers witnessing excessive force to intervene and render aid.

The bill also addresses qualified immunity – and that has become a sticking point in the Republican-led legislature. Some police officials want that part of the bill removed and that issues was heavily debated last week during the hearing.

The bill’s author, state Rep. Senfronia Thompson, a Houston Democrat, says qualified immunity is a problem and it needs to stay in the bill.

After six hours of testimony, lawmakers left the matter pending without voting on the bill.

 


George Floyd: Testimony Underway in Murder Trial of Ex-Officer Derek Chauvin
March 25, 2021

Jurors are entering their second day of testimony in the murder trial of Derek Chauvin, the former Minneapolis police officer charged in George Floyd’s death. The trial is one of the most closely watched court cases in decades.

Opening statements got under way on Monday in downtown Minneapolis, where the former police officer is accused of killing George Floyd last year by kneeling on his neck for nine minutes and 29 seconds.

Prosecutors wasted no time showing jurors the video that was taken by a bystander and captured Floyd’s final moments.

They played the video during their opening statement, calling the white officer’s actions against a black suspect “murder.” The jury heard Floyd say “I can’t breathe” 27 times.

Defense attorneys countered during their opening statement that Chauvin was doing his job and what he had been trained to do over the course of his 19-year career.

The defense attorney disputed that Chauvin was to blame for Floyd’s death. He pointed out that Floyd had fentanyl and methamphetamine in his system and suggested his drug use, combined with heart disease, high blood pressure and adrenaline, caused a heart rhythm disturbance that killed him.

After opening statements, the jury heard from several witnesses as prosecutors began laying out their case:

  • They heard from a cashier at a gas station across the street who filmed the encounter.
  • They heard from a 911 dispatcher who testified that she saw part of Floyd’s arrest on a city surveillance camera and was so disturbed about the use of force she called a duty sergeant.
  • They also heard from a bystander who was trained in martial arts, including chokeholds. He testified that Chauvin appeared to increase the pressure on Floyd’s neck several times.

The mixed martial artist returned to the stand this morning.

Fourteen jurors or alternates are hearing the case – eight of them white and six of them black or multiracial. Only 12 will deliberate.

Barbed wired and concrete barriers surround the Minneapolis courthouse where the trial is being held. There is also a heavy presence of the National Guard, who will attempt to keep the peace over the next four weeks.


Texas HB 228: Replace Court Reporters with Electronic Recording Devices?
March 25, 2021

A Texas bill that would allow electronic recording devices to replace live court reporters has people in the legal community up in arms.

Hundreds of people in the legal community are voicing opposition over a bill in the Texas legislature that, if passed, would allow electronic recording devices to replace live certified court reporters.

House Bill 228, which is sponsored by Representative Andrew Murr of Kerrville, would allow county commissioners to decide whether to use electronic recording devices in lieu of certified court reporters.

The intent behind the bill is to save money and time – but many say it would do neither.

The bill has sparked outrage among court reporters and others in the legal community who say there is no substitute for live, certified lprofessionals.

Last week, there was a public hearing before the House Committee on Judiciary and Civil Jurisprudence and hundreds of court reporters from around the state sent in comments opposing the proposed legislation.

They pointed out that many states that have implemented electronic recording devices returned to court reporters after a long list of problems occurred, including

  • Complaints of quality transcripts
  • Lack of real-time transcription during proceedings
  • Missing or inaudible records
  • Retrials of cases due to lost digital recordings
  • Lack of confidence in the system by attorneys
  • Violation of clients’ rights in criminal matters due to inaudible portions of their records
  • And unexpected costs and additional personnel and equipment to perform all the functions a certified court reporter

The attorneys at our law firm have also voiced our opposition to House Bill 228. Forcing courts to use electronic devices in place of a certified court reporter would be detrimental to the litigants and the judicial process.

Certified court reporters are required by law to make verbatim records of a proceeding to ensure accuracy of what was said. An electronic recording device cannot ensure this accuracy, no matter how good it is.

Court reporters are also ethically bound to maintain these records and protect their authenticity.

We side with the court reporters on this one.


Texas Chief Justice: Zoom is Here to Stay
March 24, 2021

Texas’ Supreme Court Chief Justice delivered his state of the Judiciary speech yesterday. What was the big takeaway? Zoom is here to stay for court proceedings.

On Tuesday, Chief Justice Nathan Hecht delivered his biennial State of Judiciary address and called on the Texas legislature to update laws to ensure remote access to courtrooms will continue long after the coronavirus is tamed.

Hecht said an “unexpected benefit” of switching to remote proceedings was increased participation in the legal process.

He said the remote proceeding are more efficient and cost-effective and will continue to play a role in the “new normal.”

According to Hecht, appearance rates in high-volume dockets, such as traffic cases and child custody cases, went from 80 percent no-shows to 80-percent appearances during the pandemic. He said people limited by income, child care, transportation or job needs were able to go to court by clicking on a link or dialing on a smart phone.

Another advantage to remote proceedings? You can watch them online, he said, giving the public a ringside seat in every courtroom, increasing transparency and accountability.

However, Hecht acknowledged that felonies and complex criminal matters that require jury trials can’t be handled remotely. He said jury trial dockets are backlogged and will take three years to catch up.

In 2019, Texas courts tried roughly 9000 cases to verdict. In the past year of the pandemic, only 239 were tried.

Hecht said he asked the Legislature for increased funding for courts to allow safe in-person jury trials and visiting and retired former judges to help decongest dockets.

The chief justice also outlined a number of other legislative priorities. He renewed his previous calls to reform the cash bail system. He said the current system allows potentially dangerous defendants with more money to await trial out of jail, while incarcerating low-risk defendants facing minor offenses who simple can’t afford bail.

Finally, Hecht said the justice system would begin collecting data and self-reflect on potential racial biases in the justice system and encourage better training for judges.

Hecht’s State of the Judiciary speech – which is normally delivered to a joint session of the legislature – was instead streamed online yesterday.

That’s a true sign of the times.


Mass Shooting: Colorado Grocery Store
March 23, 2021

Ten people were killed in a mass shooting yesterday at a Colorado grocery store, rekindling the debate about guns in the United States.

On Monday, a gunman opened fire at a grocery store in Boulder, killing 10 people – including a police officer.

A suspect carrying a long gun was arrested, but his name and a possible motive has not yet been released.

The shooting comes on the heels of last week’s spree in Georgia, which left eight people dead – six of them of Asian descent.

The back-to-back mass shootings have already spurred a discussion about gun control in the U.S.

In Colorado, people are allowed to carry guns into businesses as long as they are in plain view. But in 2019, the grocery store where the latest shooting occurred asked shoppers to “no longer openly carry firearms” inside.

So, what is the law on open carry in Texas?

Texas permits open carry of long guns, including assault-styled guns, in public places, except in places where it is specifically prohibited by law, including courthouses, schools, polling places and racetracks. No license is required.

Private businesses, however, may ban guns from their premises by posting a sign.

As for handguns, license holders may openly carry them in non-prohibited places as long as they are secured in a hip or shoulder holster.

It’s also important to point out that Texas laws also allows people to shoot in self-defense or defense of others.

For example, back in 2019, a gunman opened fire inside a Fort Worth-area church and fatally shot two people before being killed by an armed member of the congregation’s security team. In Texas, licensed handgun owners are also allowed to carry in places of worship.

In the coming days, we expect to hear a lot of debate about gun control across the United States.

Well, keep you posted on any proposed changes, especially in Texas.


Online Solicitation Stings: Legal or Entrapment?
March 22, 2021

Six people were recently arrested in Tarrant County during an undercover online child solicitation sting.

Are these types of operations legal or entrapment?

On Friday, several adults were jailed after undercover investigators posing as minors used personal ads and social media to communicate with them about having sexual relations.

The suspects were all charged with online solicitation of a minor.

Online solicitation is a serious felony offense in Texas that occurs when an adult communicates with a person under age 17  – or someone who the adult believes is a under 17 – and has a sexual explicit conversation, sends a sexually explicit picture or video, or asks to meet the minor to engage in sexual contact.

Online solicitation is generally a third-degree felony punishable by 2 to 10 years in prison. However, it can be a second-degree felony, punishable to 2 to 20 years in prison, if the alleged “victim” is under age 14.

To many, the most surprising fact about this offense is that suspects are often arrested and charged with online solicitation of a minor even if they never had contact with an actual child.

In fact, most online solicitation charges stem from an undercover officer posing as a minor using a website or app to lure in suspects.

That’s precisely what happened last week, which was a joint operation between the Tarrant County Sheriff’s Department, Arlington Police Department and the Texas Department of Public Safety.

Many people charged with this crime want to argue entrapment or that they were set up by the undercover detectives.

That is not a viable defense in Texas. Police, themselves, are not engaging in illegal activity. In September 2015, the Texas legislature made amendments to the law and established that it is not a defense if the actor never intended for the meeting to happen.

In other words, mere conversations with an undercover agent are often enough for a conviction. Most importantly, the police are allowed to lie during these investigations.

For example, if the actor asks the person on the other end of a chat if they are a police officer, the officer can – and will – lie and say “no.”  Additionally, the alleged actors never have to leave home to meet up with the victim. Officer can obtain Internet service provider records to determine the suspects identity and location.


Atlanta Spa Killings: Hate Crime or Sex Addiction?
March 18, 2021

On Tuesday, a gunman killed eight people at three massage parlors in or near Atlanta. Six of the victims were of Asian descent, prompting widespread concern that the killings could be the latest surge in hate crimes against Asian Americans.

But the gunman told investigators the killings were the result of a “sexual addiction”

On Wednesday, police charged Robert Aaron Long, 21, with eight counts of murder and one count of aggravated assault stemming from the shootings.

He is due in court today as police continue to investigate the motive for the crime and whether it was racially motivated.

Long claims he was driven by his sex addiction and the spas were a temptation he wanted to eliminate.

But the public isn’t buying it, saying the slayings were clearly racially motived. In response, there has been an outpouring of celebrity support for Asian Americans across the country.

A new study based on police department statistics across major cities found a nearly 150 percent surge in anti-Asian hate crimes in 2020 during the coronavirus pandemic –  while overall hate crimes fell by 7 percent. Dallas is among the cities included in this study.

Georgia passed a hate crime bill last year that enhances the punishment for people convicted of a hate crime.

Denying hate as a motive for the attack is unlikely to spare Long any punishment since he already faces the possibility of the death penalty.

Georgia is among 28 states that still carry out capital punishment.

To be sure, if Long had carried out the alleged murders in Texas, he would be charged with capital murder – which is punishable by life in prison without parole or the death penalty.

In Texas, a person commits capital murder if he or she kills more than one person in the same criminal transaction or the same scheme.

Whether Georgia prosecutors will prosecute the killings as a hate crime or seek the death penalty in this case remains to be seen.

There’s a lot on the table.


Groping is a Crime in Texas that Carries Jail Time
March 17, 2021

By now, everyone has heard about the groping allegations against New York Governor Anthony Cuomo. So far, he has avoided arrest and criminal charges in New York.

But if Gov. Cuomo were in Texas, he may not fare so well. Did you know groping is a crime in the Lone Star State that carries jail time?

Seven women have now come forward claiming that Governor Cuomo touched them inappropriately or sexually harassed them. One former aid accused him of groping her under her shirt in the governor’s mansion.

The allegations are being investigated in New York and many people are calling for the Governor to resign.

This begs a question: What would happen if those types of groping allegations were made against a public figure or anyone in Texas?

Texas has a relatively new law on the books that punishes groping. In 2019, the Texas Legislature passed a new law titled “indecent assault,” which made groping or inappropriate sexual contact a Class A misdemeanor.

A Class A misdemeanor is punishable by up to a year in county jail and a maximum $4000 fine.

Essentially, this law covers inappropriate sexual contact, such as pinching someone’s rear or grabbing their breast – actions that many consider sexual harassment.

It’s important to point out that, in order for the actions to be criminal in Texas, the alleged touching must have been non-consensual and the offender’s intent must have been to arouse or gratify the sexual desire of themselves or the other person.

So how common is this charge? Since 2019, at least 87 people have been arrested for indecent assault in Fort Worth.

In the grand scheme of things, it is a relatively rare charge.

Still, it’s one that is on the books in Texas.


Tarrant DA Annual Report: Who’s Responsible for COVID Case Backlog?
March 16, 2021

Recently, Tarrant County Criminal District Attorney Sharen Wilson released her 2020 annual report. Not surprisingly, it talks a lot about how the last year has been impacted by COVID, and how cases started piling up after The Texas Supreme Court shut down jury trials.

The report provides some jaw-dropping numbers. The number of untried cases nearly doubled in one year. In January 2020, there were 29,253 pending cases. By December, the caseload had soared to 43,759.

In her report, she states, “Many criminal cases cannot be disposed of with plea offers and must go to trial.” What does this mean?  Let’s break it down.

While every person accused of a crime has the right to a jury trial, very few actually exercise that right. If they did, the entire criminal justice system would come to a screeching halt: jury trials take time, money, space, jurors and a lot of personnel — things every county has limited resources of.

In 2019, less than 1 percent of all pending cases were resolved by way of a jury trial.  Most resolutions come by way of plea bargaining.  A plea bargain is a state offered resolution that is generally meant to entice the defendant to plea, providing the defendant a better outcome than they would hope to obtain if convicted at trial.  In return, the State moves cases, saves money, and secures specific outcomes. Other types of resolutions involved state-issued dismissals, state-run diversion programs, or grand jury returning no bills.

A common misconception is that judges are responsible for reducing backlog. While a defendant displeased with their state offers can generally circumvent the plea bargaining process and enter an “open plea” to a judge for punishment, they can only do so with the State’s permission.  Even then, the Judge does not have the power to reduce the charge, dismiss companion cases or offer other often desired results, making this path to resolution generally less desirable.

COVID shut down a lot of things, but the plea process wasn’t one of them.  The criminal courts have accepted pleas throughout the pandemic, virtually and in person.

So, how does the DA explain an increase of almost 14,000 pending cases during a time when there were fewer felony case filings and more criminal prosecutors employed than years past?  Well, it sounds like some cases just have to be tried.  What does that look like?

In 2019 – before the pandemic – there were 153 felony juries seated in Tarrant County and 220 misdemeanor juries. With all 20 Tarrant County courts running at full steam, only 373 cases were resolved with jury trials.  Even if all our system’s resources are committed exclusively to executing jury trials once the system opens back up, we are looking at decades to resolve that kind of backlog.

Meanwhile, the jail continues to be overwhelmed. Even after opening a new facility early last year, the Belknap Unit, Tarrant County is over 80 percent occupancy, according to the Texas Commission on Jail standards. Aside from the fact that it costs taxpayers approximately $82 a day to house an inmate, where we will put additional inmates as cases keep pouring in and those sitting remain unresolved?

The reality is that the District Attorney’s Office has almost complete control over the backlog. They alone have the ability to dispose of cases efficiently through reasonable plea bargain offers.

It will take effort on everyone’s part to reduce the backlog of cases in Tarrant County. Forcing citizens by way of jury summons to resolve cases themselves, isn’t ideal.  Trying cases simply isn’t the answer. Doing whatever it takes to resolve them through an agreement is.

It’s time for the Tarrant County District Attorney’s Office to come to the bargaining table.  Let’s take a seat, discuss, and work through this together.


Hate Crime? Plano Boy Bullied at Sleepover
March 15, 2021

The family of a Plano middle school student says he was the victim of a hate crime, and police have contacted the FBI.

Summer Smith says her 13-year-old son, who is black, was called racists slurs, shot with BB guns, slapped him in his sleep, and made to drink his white classmates’ urine at a recent sleepover.

The alleged bullying was captured on video which has since gone viral.

The boy’s mother said that her son was bullied at the hands of former football teammates. She said her son quit the football team earlier in the year due to bullying. She claims that his invitation to the sleepover was a set-up, a “premeditated attack” for their “entertainment.”

So far, no one has been arrested or charged in connection with the incident. If anyone gets arrested and they are under the age of 17, they would be handled through the juvenile system.

Under state law, there is not a specific crime that is a hate crime, but if a crime is motivated because of race, sexual orientation or gender, the punishment for that crime can be enhanced.

The FBI also aggressively investigates and prosecutes hate crimes, which is likely why they were contacted by Plano police.

The family reported the bullying incidents at the sleepover to Plano ISD on March 2. A couple of days later, a group of mothers and Plano residents protested in front of Haggard Middle school to demand school officials take actions.

Since then, the story has garnered national attention momentum. A GoFundMe page has been set up for the teen. The family has hired an attorney who has stated that the bullying rises to felony assault and is a hate crime.

Press conferences have been held with the police chief, school superintendent and the mayor. Hundreds of people have protested outside Plano police headquarters.

We will continue to keep you posted as this story continues to unfold.

In other news:

On Friday, the Minneapolis City Council unanimously approved a $27 million civil settlement with the family of George Floyd.

It’s the largest settlement of its kind.

Last May, the 46-year-old black man died after former police officer Derek Chauvin pinned him to the ground for nine minutes. Floyd’s family sued, arguing that police violated his rights and failed to properly train its officers.

The timing of the approval of the settlement is interesting.  Jury selection is underway in Chauvin’s trial. The news of this settlement could lead to Chauvin’s legal team to call for a mistrial. Or make it harder to seat an impartial jury.


Tarrant County Jailers Accused of Lying on Dead Inmate’s Log
March 11, 2021

Two Tarrant County jailers have been indicted after authorities said they lied at least 20 times about checking on an inmate before he was found dead in June.

Jailers Erik Gay and Darien Kirk are now facing the charge of tampering with a governmental record, a state jail felony punishable by six months to two years in the state jail and up to a $10,000 fine.

The Star-Telegram has been following issues in the Tarrant County Jail extensively over the past year. The paper reported that Tarrant County Sheriff Bill Waybourn requested that Gay and Kirk be investigated after inmate Javonte Myers was found dead in his cell.

The Texas Rangers took over the investigation and the Star-Telegram obtained their investigative report this week.

Myers was booked into Tarrant County jail on two misdemeanor charges of possession of a controlled substance and criminal trespass.  The Texas Rangers investigation indicated that jailers knew Myers suffered from seizures, bipolar disorder, a brain condition and respiratory complications.

Due to these complications, Myers was placed in a medical cell, where it is required that jailers check on inmates every 20 minutes.  It is also required that jailers keep a digital log to record the start and finish of every check.

Tragically for Myers, the required checks weren’t conducted properly and he died in his cell of a seizure. Kirk and Gay later admitted to investigators that they falsified checks on Myers and other inmates, the Star-Telegram reported. Both have since resigned.

Myers was one of 17 people who died while in custody at the Tarrant County Jail in 2020. The Sheriff’s Department has come under fire due to the high number of inmate deaths and even lost its state certification for six days last summer.

Many of the inmates who died were in jail for misdemeanor offenses and some suffered from mental illness and homelessness – petty crimes carrying a death sentence for some.  New bond restrictions and decreased case resolutions resulting from the pandemic could have also contributed to inmates spending more time in custody than necessary, exposing them to similar fate.

Lauren King with the Tarrant County Homeless Coalition was quoted in the Star-Telegram stating, “A focus for 2021 will be creating a connection with the criminal justice system and figuring out how do we catch people who go back and forth between the jail and a shelter?”

According to the Star-Telegram, the Bexar County District Attorney announced last year that his office wouldn’t prosecute homeless people for criminal trespassing unless they had a violent history.  When the Star-Telegram asked how the Tarrant County Criminal District Attorney’s Office would handle similar matters, DA Sharen Wilson responded: “Homeless people who commit crimes are prosecuted in Tarrant County.”  She went on to explain her office is working to divert low-level, non-violent offenders out of the jail and into treatment.


Dallas Cop Suspect of Two Counts of Capital Murder Kept Job for Years
March 10, 2021

A Dallas police officer charged with two counts of capital murder was fired on Tuesday – and the public is asking why the termination didn’t come sooner.

Officer Bryan Riser was identified as “person of interest” last year in alleged murder-for-hire schemes, but was kept on the job to avoid tipping him off to the investigation. This is according to former Dallas Police Chief Renee Hall who told the media that putting him on leave “could have compromised the investigation.”

But now information has surfaced that Riser was actually the “subject” of the homicide investigation as far back as 2017. He was also involved in multiple internal affairs investigations that same year into alleged unethical behavior. Still, he continued to patrol the streets of Dallas for several years, according to the Dallas Morning News.

Riser has been employed by the Dallas Police Department since 2008. He is accused of offering to pay three men to kidnap and kill 31-year-old Liza Saenz and 61-year-old Albert Douglas. Douglas was reported missing in 2017 and his body hasn’t been found. Saenz’s body was pulled from the Trinity River in March 2017.

Riser’s defense attorney, Toby Shook, said his client has denied any involvement in the two murders. He called the case “strange” and suggested that if police really thought his client was involved they would have arrested and fired him sooner.

“He’s driving around, patrolling, doing his job every day with a gun, without incident for nearly two years,” Shook told the Associated Press. “If you really though he was involved in this why would you move on him sooner.”=

Earlier this week, Dallas Mayor Eric Johnson created a committee to investigate why Riser was allowed to remain on the force amid a capital murder investigation.

Dallas new Police Chief Eddie Garcia said he had not been briefed on the investigation until last week and, the next day, ordered Riser’s arrest.

To be sure, Riser’s delayed arrest and firing will be a focal point in his trial. Stay tuned. This one has lots of twists and turns and is worth watching.


George Floyd: Jury Selection Begins in Trial of Ex-Cop Derek Chauvin
March 9, 2021

Jury selection is expected to begin today in the trial of a former Minneapolis police officer charged in George Floyd’s death.

Derek Chauvin is accused of killing Floyd by kneeling on his neck for more than nine minutes. He is charged with second-degree murder and manslaughter. Prosecutors are also hoping to reinstate a third-degree murder charge — an issue that delayed the start of the jury selection yesterday.

While we wait for that legal issue to be resolved – determining exactly what charges Chauvin will be tried on – we are highlighting some interesting facts about jury selection in this trial:

  • Jury selection is expected to last about three weeks, as prosecutors work to select 12 jurors and four alternates. This is not uncommon in high-profile trials as they work to find an impartial jury who have not been influenced by all the media coverage and will be able to judge Chauvin fairly.
  • Each potential juror has been asked to fill out a 14 to 16-page questionnaire about the case.
  • Questions include:
    • How many times did you see the video of George Floyd’s death?
    • Did you participate in marches against police brutality and, if so, did you carry a sign?
    • What are your views of the Blue Lives Matter – the movement supporting police.
  • How potential jurors answer these written questions — and how they later answer verbal one-on-one questioning by the prosecution and defense — will determine whether they get dismissed, or struck, from the jury pool.
  • The chosen jurors will be partially sequestered during the trial and fully sequestered once jury deliberation starts. They will also remain anonymous — identified by number and not name — until the judge allows their identities to remain public.
  • Due to the pandemic, jurors will be spaced out and required to wear masks.

Opening statements are not expected to begin until at least March 29. This is a trial we will be watching and the VS News Desk will keep you informed on the latest happenings.


Texas Courts Cleared for In-Person Trials
March 8, 2021

On March 5, the Texas Supreme Court cleared the way for courts to open up again. In-person hearings and jury trials are now permitted across the state of Texas.

Requirements that people wear masks and social distance will be left up to local and county court officials.

This new order by the high court comes just days after Gov. Greg Abbott announced he will lift coronavirus restrictions this week.

Clearing the way for courts to open back up is certainly going to create some chaos and confusions in large counties, as courts struggle to find a way to knock down the backlog of cases created by the pandemic.

In Tarrant County, for example, there are currently 27,000 pending misdemeanors and 23,000 pending felonies. The local judges have proposed a plan to start tackling this backlog.

With the Supreme Court’s new order, we assume this plan will be put into place in the coming days and weeks

So what does this mean to people who are waiting for their day in court?

You may be getting it soon.


 

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VS News Desk: Get the Latest Crime & Courts News
Thanks for joining us at VS News Desk — the place you turn to for the most interesting news about crime and courts from experienced defense attorneys. Here's a look at the latest local and national headlines:  

Officer Charged with Manslaughter in Daunte Wright Fatal Shooting

The Minnesota police officer who fatally shot Daunte Wright, a 20-year-old Black man, after reportedly mistaking her handgun for her taser has been charged with second-degree manslaughter. While it is rare for police to mistake their sidearms for stun guns, it's even rarer for charges to be brought against them. Officer Kimberly Pott was arrested on Wednesday, one day after she and her police chief resigned from the Brooklyn Center Police Department, a Minneapolis suburb. She is free after posting $100,000 bond and is expected to appear in court today. Officials said Potter, who is white, shot and killed Daunte Wright – a 20-year-old black man – during a traffic stop on Sunday night after she drew and fired her gun instead of her taser. Potter, a 26 year veteran officer, was training a younger officer when they pulled Wright over for expired registration. When officers found Wright had a warrant out for failing to appear in court on a gun charge, they attempted to handcuff him outside his car. He twisted away to get back in his car. In body-camera footage, Potter warned that she would use a stun gun on Wright and then shouted “Taser!” three times before firing once into his chest.  Potter could be heard swearing and saying, “I just shot him.” The police chief later described the killing as an "accidental discharge." The second-degree manslaughter charge suggests that prosecutors believe that Potter didn't intend to kill Wright but mixed up her weapons. Second-degree manslaughter charges often stem from offenses that are not planned — such as hunting accidents. Under Minnesota law, someone is guilty of second-degree manslaughter if that person causes the death of another through "culpable negligence" and "creates an unreasonable risk, and consciously takes chances of causing death or great bodily harm to another." The charge carries a maximum penalty of 10 years in prison and a $20,000 fine. Prosecutors may have a difficult time proving this case. The New York Times reviewed 15 other cases of so-called weapon confusion over the past 20 years and found only five of the officers were indicted. And only three were found guilty. Second-degree manslaughter is also among the charges that Minneapolis police officer Derek Chauvin is facing in his trial in George Floyd's death, which is nearing its closing arguments and is being held just miles away.

Police Chief, Officer Resign in Wake of Protests Over Daunte Wright Killing

Police Officer Kim Potter resigned Tuesday, two days after fatally shooting Daunte Wright, an unarmed black man during a traffic stop in a Minneapolis suburb. Police Chief Tim Gannon also resigned after revealing Potter likely shot Wright by accident, believing she was firing a taser instead of a pistol. Protests erupted in Minnesota and across the country last night as demonstrators express outrage over another police killing of a black man. The latest death occurred just 10 miles away from where the murder trial of officer Derek Chauvin is being held in the killing of George Floyd. Prosecutors have said they expect to have a decision today regarding whether Office Potter will face charges. Potter, who is white, shot and killed Daunte Wright – a 20-year-old black man – during a traffic stop in Brooklyn Center, Minn., on Sunday. Body camera footage shows a struggle as officers tried to handcuff Wright. During the struggle, Potter  drew her and fired her gun instead of a Taser, killing Wright. By resigning - instead of being fired - Potter could potentially keep her pension and later work for another department. The community is calling for justice, but will they be satisfied? Officers involved in police shootings are rarely held accountable for killing someone. Earlier this month, another police officer who shot a black man returned to work. Rusten Sheskey, a Wisconsin police officer who shot Jacob Blake multiple times in the back in front of his children last August, is back on the job and will not face any discipline charges. Blake survived the shooting and it was determined the officer acted within the law. The world is watching how the latest officer involved shooting - and the Derek Chauvin trial just miles away - will play out.  

Racist Bullying: Aledo Students Punished for 'Slave Trade' Posts

A group of ninth-grade students in Aledo ISD have been disciplined after it was discovered they set up a group chat and pretended to sell their black classmates. The chat, labeled "Slave trade," contained racial slurs including the "N" word. Officials said the students attend Daniel Ninth Grade Campus and were communicating on Snapchat and playing a "game" that put prices on classmates of color and trading them. In the auction, one student was worth $100, while another was only worth $1 because they he didn't like his hair. This story hit the press as racial tensions across the country continue to rise. Protests swarmed as in Minnesota as another black man was killed this week during a routine traffic stop, and the trial against George Floyd’s killer trudges on. Aledo Independent School District leaders sent a note home to parents and have posted a statement on their website. The statement said that an immediate and thorough investigation was launched that involved law enforcement. They determined that racial harassment and cyber bullying had occurred and assigned disciplinary consequences in accordance the Student Code of Conduct. To date, no criminal consequences have been announced. However, cyberbullying and harassment are illegal in Texas. Cyberbullying is a Class B misdemeanor punishable by up 180 days in jail and a maximum $2,000 fine. The offense becomes a Class A misdemeanor, one level higher if the offender has a previous conviction for cyberbullying or if the victim was under 18 years old and targeted with the intent to make the victim commit suicide or hurt themselves. Cyberbullies can also face expulsion or be sent to alternative school. If any students is arrested and they are under the age of 17, they would be handled through the juvenile system. Could a defense exist? Law enforcement will need to prove the identity of the alleged offenders. It is not enough that a post came from a specific social media profile. They need to confirm the person on the other end of the post is one in the same. With automatic log-ins due to saved passwords, it would be easy to see how seemingly innocent exchanges of phones or tablets between students could lead to incriminating posts that were not the words or intentions of the alleged offender. Identity issues aside, some parents have said the discipline was not enough and some have even called the incident a hate crime. Parents are planning on showing up at the next school board meeting to demand the community do more to address racism.

Crackdown on Counterfeit Purses, Shoes at Worlds Largest Flea Market

Two women were arrested last week on accusations of selling fake designer purses, shoes, sunglasses and caps at the First Monday Trade Days in Canton, Texas, which is located about 60 miles east of Dallas. The arrests stemmed from an undercover investigation by Homeland Security Investigations, a federal agency tasked with keeping counterfeit products off U.S. streets. Over 1,000 counterfeit luxury items, including Louis Vuitton, Chanel, Gucci and Hermes, with a retail value of $1.3 million were confiscated. In addition to federal agents, local, county and state authorities also played crucial roles in the seizure. The women will be prosecuted by the Van Zandt County District Attorney's Office. They are facing charges of trademark counterfeiting. Under Texas law, trademark counterfeiting occurs when a person copies a company’s mark and uses it with the intent to sell, advertise or manufacture a product or service. The punishment depends on the retail value of the item or service. One of the women is facing a third-degree felony, which applies when the retail value is between $30,000 and $150,000. The other women is reportedly facing a state jail felony, which applies when the retail value is between $2500 to $30,000. Officials said the crackdown on counterfeit goods is an effort to maintain the integrity of the First Monday trade days, which began in 1850 and has become the largest flea market in the world. The crackdown should also serve as a caution to others who sell counterfeit designer items from their homes or on the Internet.

Pandemic Liability Bill Passes Senate April 9, 2021

On Thursday, the Texas Senate passed a pandemic liability protection bill that would prevent certain businesses and organizations from COVID-related lawsuits. Opponents say the bill goes too far and could give negligent caregivers and nursing homes a free pass. Senate Bill 6, also known as the Pandemic Liability Protection Act, was introduced by state Senator Kelly Hancock, a Republican from North Richland Hills. The bill, which was passed by the Senate on Tuesday, seeks to provide COVID liability protections for health care providers, businesses, religious institutions, schools and non-profit organizations that attempt to follow safety protocols with respect to COVID. Simply put, the legislation would prevent certain organizations, including nursing homes, from being sued by individuals or their aggrieved families for contracting COVID at their facilities or under their care. It also makes it harder for residents and their families to hold facilities accountable for injuries and death that occur due to substandard, negligent care provided during the pandemic due to staff shortages. Some legal experts counter, however, that the legislation would not prevent lawsuits in cases where plaintiffs can prove reckless or willful misconduct or malice. Governor Abbott named pandemic liability protection an emergency item, which means its journey through the legislature can be expedited. On Thursday, the Senate approved the legislation. It now moves to the House of Representatives for further consideration. This one hits close to home. My grandmother died of COVID, which she contracted inside a nursing home facility by a staff member who didn't follow basic CDC guidelines approximately 10 months into the pandemic. I'm opposed. At the very least, Senate Bill 6 must be revised to protect nursing home residents.

Ex-Cop Accused of Capital Murder is Released for Lack of Evidence April 8, 2021

On Wednesday afternoon, former Dallas Police Officer Bryan Riser was released from jail after a judge ruled that there was insufficient evidence to prosecute him on two charges of capital murder. Judge Audrey Moorehead ordered his release after listening to about three hours of testimony from a Dallas homicide detective. The hearing - called an examining trial - was to determine whether the case should move forward to the grand jury. The hearings are not common, and yesterday there was a surprising twist. Prosecutors took the unusual step of publicly disagreeing with the lead homicide, and told the judge in open court that they didn't believe there was sufficient probable cause in the two capital murder cases against Riser. The judge agreed and ordered his release from the county jail. Riser was arrested on capital murder charges on March 4 in the separate slayings of Liza Saenz and Albert Douglas in 2017. Riser, who was fired from the force five days later, was alleged to have hired three men to kill the victims. One of those men - who is already serving a life sentence for a different double murder - came forward and said Riser ordered the killings. However, prosecutors say they don't have evidence to corroborate the inmate's story that Riser was behind the murder-for-hire plots. Texas law prohibits jurors from convicting someone solely on the testimony of an alleged accomplice. During the hearing, Riser's defense attorney, Toby Shook, also pointed out several errors in the first affidavit used to arrest Riser. Shook has maintained his client's innocence. So what happens next? The Dallas County District Attorney said that, although there is not enough evidence to prosecute, the investigation will continue. The judge's ruling, however, means the case will not go to the grand jury without additional evidence. As for Riser? His attorney and his family are calling for an audit of the police department's investigation  and the decision to arrest.

Two Children Killed in Bizarre Backhoe Accident April 7, 2021

Two children were killed and others were injured over the weekend in a bizarre backhoe accident. A family member has been charged in connection with their deaths. On Saturday evening, emergency personnel responded to a tragic scene in Roanoak Texas, where two children were killed and several other people were injured while riding on various part of a John Deere backhoe. Officials said several adults and children were riding on the backhoe when the front bucket dumped forward, spilling the people inside to the ground. Authorities said two children, ages 7 and 11, were run over and died at the scene. Two other children and an adult suffered injuries and were transported to nearby hospitals. The deceased children have been identified as students of Trinity Valley, a private school in Fort Worth. The driver of the backhoe was arrested. Officials have not said how he is related to the victims, but he shares their last name. Social media is identifying the driver as the children’s father. He faces numerous charges, including two counts of manslaughter, three counts of endangering a child and one count of aggravated assault with a deadly weapon. In Texas, a person can be charged with manslaughter if they recklessly cause a person's death. Manslaughter charges often stem from tragedies that occur unintentionally, but where a substantial and unjustifiable risk was present. Manslaughter is punishable by two to 20 years in prison. The question we have to ask is why, in the face of unimaginable tragedy, would criminal charges be piled on so quickly? And what defense could potentially apply? It is going to come down to the defendant's mental state and whether his actions were intentional, reckless or negligent.  The mechanics of the backhoe will also be a strong consideration and whether the machine was in proper working order. There is still a lot we don't know about this incident, including why so many people were riding on the backhoe and what exactly went wrong.

Dallas Police Chase Suspect in Stolen Ambulance April 6, 2021

A man is in custody after police said he stole an ambulance from a Dallas fire station and led police on a chase through several North Texas counties. Police said the man, who has not yet been identified, took the ambulance Monday morning from Fire Station No. 53 in east Dallas. He was later spotted by police driving the ambulance in the southeast Dallas. The driver refused to stop, and led police on a chase for more than an hour, including off-road and through neighborhoods. Police eventually disabled the ambulance with spike strips, causing the ambulance to bottom out on a curb. The driver bailed out and tried to outrun police. He was taken into custody a short time later. No one was injured during the police pursuit, which was captured live by news helicopters. The man is likely facing a number of charges, including evading arrest in a motor vehicle, evading on foot, and felony theft of a vehicle. If convicted of the theft, the suspect could also face increased punishment because the offense occurred during a disaster declaration. Last year, Governor Abbott issued a disaster declaration due to COVID, which increases punishments by one level for a handful of offenses, including theft. Yesterday, that disaster declaration was renewed once again by the governor. Although it may seem bizarre and rare, there have been numerous cases of stolen ambulances in Texas. Earlier this year, another ambulance was stolen in Dallas. And last year, an ambulance was stolen in Fort Worth. In an even stranger coincidence, last year an ambulance was stolen from the exact same fire station as the one yesterday. It was later recovered in Louisiana. No word on whether the two cases are connected. So the entire incident was caught on camera, but is it defensible? The question you have to ask it why this happened? Was the driver suffering a mental health episode at the time? Does he have a history of mental illness or substance abuse? Is his background mitigating enough to warrant leniency from the state? All of this remains to be seen.

Plano Police Change Marijuana Arrest Policy April 5, 2021

Last week, Plano Police Chief Ed  Drain announced that his officers will no longer arrest people for possessing two ounces of marijuana or less, which is normally a Class B misdemeanor punishable by up to a 180 days in jail. Instead, officers may, at their discretion, issue a ticket for possession of drug paraphernalia. That is a reduced charge punishable by up to a $500 fine paid in municipal court. The department changed its policy after a review of costs and trends stemming from marijuana arrests. The Chief said the review showed racial disparity, specifically more African Americans are arrested for minor amounts of marijuana  - even though surveys show white, black and hispanics use marijuana at a similar rate. The Chief said it also not cost-effective to arrest people for low-level amounts of weed. Now that hemp is legal in Texas, police must pay to have marijuana tested to determine its THC content before cases are accepted for prosecution. So where do other North Texas cities stand on low-level marijuana arrests? Under Texas law, police departments can implement a cite and release policy for possession of marijuana under four ounces. Dallas police already follow a “cite and release” policy. And late last year, Fort Worth police announced they are no longer arresting or citing people for low amounts of pot. Decriminalizing marijuana is a growing trend in the lone star state. More than 50 marijuana related bills have been filed so far this year in the Texas Legislature, covering a range of issues from decreased penalties to outright legalization. Well, keep an eye on them to see which ones gain traction.

Audit: Tarrant County Coroner Made Dozens of Mistakes in Autopsies April 1, 2021

A jaw-dropping audit has revealed that a suspended Tarrant County coroner made 59 mistakes in 40 death investigations - and there were mistakes in the audit as well. Dr. Marc Krouse, who has been with the Tarrant County Medical Examiner’s Office since 1981, has been suspended and his last day will be April 24. The audit was ordered after investigators realized Krouse missed a bullet in a homicide investigation during an autopsy in September. The victim's body had to be exhumed. The audit, which was conducted by Tarrant County Chief Medical Examiner Nizam Peerwani, reviewed 40 death investigations handled by Krouse over a 10-mnth span and found 59 mistakes. According to the audit, Krouse repeatedly failed to request or review ambulance reports and hospital records. In some cases he failed to confirm a victim’s identity by fingerprint or other scientific means. In two cases, Krouse's mistakes were called “egregious.” What's more, numerous mistakes have now also been found in the audit itself. Some ages, dates and addresses are inaccurate, according to NBC 5. In one instance, the audit claimed the autopsy of the 15-year-old boy was done on June 22 -- four days before his death was reported on June 26. Medical Examiner Nizam Peerwani has said the mistakes will be corrected and a new audit will be sent by the Tarrant County District Attorneys Office to defense attorneys. The Dallas District Attorneys Office has been appointed to do an independent full-scale review of Krouse's work. The ramifications of the Krouse’s errors are far-reaching. More than 400 pending cases in Tarrant County could be impacted.

Qualified Immunity for Police: Where Does Texas Stand? March 31, 2021

  The New York City Council has passed legislation that effectively ends qualified immunity for police officers in cases of excessive force, making it easier for people to sue officers. Qualified immunity is a legal doctrine that, for decades, has prohibited police officers from being sued for alleged misconduct – unless the officer clearly violated an established constitutional right. The concept has made it nearly impossible to hold officers personally accountable. Qualified immunity has become a focus of police reform across the country in the aftermath of protests sparked by the death of George Floyd. Floyd, who is black, died after a white Minneapolis police officer kneeled on his neck for nine minutes and 29 seconds.  That officer, Derek Chauvin, is currently on trial for murder. So where does Texas stand on qualified immunity and police reform in the wake of the civil unrest? A sweeping police reform bill, called the George Floyd Act, was presented last week to the Texas House Committee on Homeland Security and Public Safety. The bill – House Bill 88 – seeks to ban chokeholds and required deadly force to end the “moment the imminent threat of death” is eliminated. It would also create the duty for officers witnessing excessive force to intervene and render aid. The bill also addresses qualified immunity – and that has become a sticking point in the Republican-led legislature. Some police officials want that part of the bill removed and that issues was heavily debated last week during the hearing. The bill’s author, state Rep. Senfronia Thompson, a Houston Democrat, says qualified immunity is a problem and it needs to stay in the bill. After six hours of testimony, lawmakers left the matter pending without voting on the bill.  

George Floyd: Testimony Underway in Murder Trial of Ex-Officer Derek Chauvin March 25, 2021

Jurors are entering their second day of testimony in the murder trial of Derek Chauvin, the former Minneapolis police officer charged in George Floyd’s death. The trial is one of the most closely watched court cases in decades. Opening statements got under way on Monday in downtown Minneapolis, where the former police officer is accused of killing George Floyd last year by kneeling on his neck for nine minutes and 29 seconds. Prosecutors wasted no time showing jurors the video that was taken by a bystander and captured Floyd’s final moments. They played the video during their opening statement, calling the white officer’s actions against a black suspect “murder.” The jury heard Floyd say “I can’t breathe” 27 times. Defense attorneys countered during their opening statement that Chauvin was doing his job and what he had been trained to do over the course of his 19-year career. The defense attorney disputed that Chauvin was to blame for Floyd’s death. He pointed out that Floyd had fentanyl and methamphetamine in his system and suggested his drug use, combined with heart disease, high blood pressure and adrenaline, caused a heart rhythm disturbance that killed him. After opening statements, the jury heard from several witnesses as prosecutors began laying out their case: The mixed martial artist returned to the stand this morning. Fourteen jurors or alternates are hearing the case – eight of them white and six of them black or multiracial. Only 12 will deliberate. Barbed wired and concrete barriers surround the Minneapolis courthouse where the trial is being held. There is also a heavy presence of the National Guard, who will attempt to keep the peace over the next four weeks.

Texas HB 228: Replace Court Reporters with Electronic Recording Devices? March 25, 2021

A Texas bill that would allow electronic recording devices to replace live court reporters has people in the legal community up in arms. Hundreds of people in the legal community are voicing opposition over a bill in the Texas legislature that, if passed, would allow electronic recording devices to replace live certified court reporters. House Bill 228, which is sponsored by Representative Andrew Murr of Kerrville, would allow county commissioners to decide whether to use electronic recording devices in lieu of certified court reporters. The intent behind the bill is to save money and time – but many say it would do neither. The bill has sparked outrage among court reporters and others in the legal community who say there is no substitute for live, certified lprofessionals. Last week, there was a public hearing before the House Committee on Judiciary and Civil Jurisprudence and hundreds of court reporters from around the state sent in comments opposing the proposed legislation. They pointed out that many states that have implemented electronic recording devices returned to court reporters after a long list of problems occurred, including The attorneys at our law firm have also voiced our opposition to House Bill 228. Forcing courts to use electronic devices in place of a certified court reporter would be detrimental to the litigants and the judicial process. Certified court reporters are required by law to make verbatim records of a proceeding to ensure accuracy of what was said. An electronic recording device cannot ensure this accuracy, no matter how good it is. Court reporters are also ethically bound to maintain these records and protect their authenticity. We side with the court reporters on this one.

Texas Chief Justice: Zoom is Here to Stay March 24, 2021

Texas’ Supreme Court Chief Justice delivered his state of the Judiciary speech yesterday. What was the big takeaway? Zoom is here to stay for court proceedings. On Tuesday, Chief Justice Nathan Hecht delivered his biennial State of Judiciary address and called on the Texas legislature to update laws to ensure remote access to courtrooms will continue long after the coronavirus is tamed. Hecht said an “unexpected benefit” of switching to remote proceedings was increased participation in the legal process. He said the remote proceeding are more efficient and cost-effective and will continue to play a role in the “new normal.” According to Hecht, appearance rates in high-volume dockets, such as traffic cases and child custody cases, went from 80 percent no-shows to 80-percent appearances during the pandemic. He said people limited by income, child care, transportation or job needs were able to go to court by clicking on a link or dialing on a smart phone. Another advantage to remote proceedings? You can watch them online, he said, giving the public a ringside seat in every courtroom, increasing transparency and accountability. However, Hecht acknowledged that felonies and complex criminal matters that require jury trials can’t be handled remotely. He said jury trial dockets are backlogged and will take three years to catch up. In 2019, Texas courts tried roughly 9000 cases to verdict. In the past year of the pandemic, only 239 were tried. Hecht said he asked the Legislature for increased funding for courts to allow safe in-person jury trials and visiting and retired former judges to help decongest dockets. The chief justice also outlined a number of other legislative priorities. He renewed his previous calls to reform the cash bail system. He said the current system allows potentially dangerous defendants with more money to await trial out of jail, while incarcerating low-risk defendants facing minor offenses who simple can’t afford bail. Finally, Hecht said the justice system would begin collecting data and self-reflect on potential racial biases in the justice system and encourage better training for judges. Hecht’s State of the Judiciary speech – which is normally delivered to a joint session of the legislature – was instead streamed online yesterday. That’s a true sign of the times.

Mass Shooting: Colorado Grocery Store March 23, 2021

Ten people were killed in a mass shooting yesterday at a Colorado grocery store, rekindling the debate about guns in the United States. On Monday, a gunman opened fire at a grocery store in Boulder, killing 10 people – including a police officer. A suspect carrying a long gun was arrested, but his name and a possible motive has not yet been released. The shooting comes on the heels of last week’s spree in Georgia, which left eight people dead – six of them of Asian descent. The back-to-back mass shootings have already spurred a discussion about gun control in the U.S. In Colorado, people are allowed to carry guns into businesses as long as they are in plain view. But in 2019, the grocery store where the latest shooting occurred asked shoppers to “no longer openly carry firearms” inside. So, what is the law on open carry in Texas? Texas permits open carry of long guns, including assault-styled guns, in public places, except in places where it is specifically prohibited by law, including courthouses, schools, polling places and racetracks. No license is required. Private businesses, however, may ban guns from their premises by posting a sign. As for handguns, license holders may openly carry them in non-prohibited places as long as they are secured in a hip or shoulder holster. It’s also important to point out that Texas laws also allows people to shoot in self-defense or defense of others. For example, back in 2019, a gunman opened fire inside a Fort Worth-area church and fatally shot two people before being killed by an armed member of the congregation’s security team. In Texas, licensed handgun owners are also allowed to carry in places of worship. In the coming days, we expect to hear a lot of debate about gun control across the United States. Well, keep you posted on any proposed changes, especially in Texas.

Online Solicitation Stings: Legal or Entrapment? March 22, 2021

Six people were recently arrested in Tarrant County during an undercover online child solicitation sting. Are these types of operations legal or entrapment? On Friday, several adults were jailed after undercover investigators posing as minors used personal ads and social media to communicate with them about having sexual relations. The suspects were all charged with online solicitation of a minor. Online solicitation is a serious felony offense in Texas that occurs when an adult communicates with a person under age 17  - or someone who the adult believes is a under 17 – and has a sexual explicit conversation, sends a sexually explicit picture or video, or asks to meet the minor to engage in sexual contact. Online solicitation is generally a third-degree felony punishable by 2 to 10 years in prison. However, it can be a second-degree felony, punishable to 2 to 20 years in prison, if the alleged “victim” is under age 14. To many, the most surprising fact about this offense is that suspects are often arrested and charged with online solicitation of a minor even if they never had contact with an actual child. In fact, most online solicitation charges stem from an undercover officer posing as a minor using a website or app to lure in suspects. That’s precisely what happened last week, which was a joint operation between the Tarrant County Sheriff’s Department, Arlington Police Department and the Texas Department of Public Safety. Many people charged with this crime want to argue entrapment or that they were set up by the undercover detectives. That is not a viable defense in Texas. Police, themselves, are not engaging in illegal activity. In September 2015, the Texas legislature made amendments to the law and established that it is not a defense if the actor never intended for the meeting to happen. In other words, mere conversations with an undercover agent are often enough for a conviction. Most importantly, the police are allowed to lie during these investigations. For example, if the actor asks the person on the other end of a chat if they are a police officer, the officer can – and will – lie and say “no.”  Additionally, the alleged actors never have to leave home to meet up with the victim. Officer can obtain Internet service provider records to determine the suspects identity and location.

Atlanta Spa Killings: Hate Crime or Sex Addiction? March 18, 2021

On Tuesday, a gunman killed eight people at three massage parlors in or near Atlanta. Six of the victims were of Asian descent, prompting widespread concern that the killings could be the latest surge in hate crimes against Asian Americans. But the gunman told investigators the killings were the result of a “sexual addiction” On Wednesday, police charged Robert Aaron Long, 21, with eight counts of murder and one count of aggravated assault stemming from the shootings. He is due in court today as police continue to investigate the motive for the crime and whether it was racially motivated. Long claims he was driven by his sex addiction and the spas were a temptation he wanted to eliminate. But the public isn’t buying it, saying the slayings were clearly racially motived. In response, there has been an outpouring of celebrity support for Asian Americans across the country. A new study based on police department statistics across major cities found a nearly 150 percent surge in anti-Asian hate crimes in 2020 during the coronavirus pandemic -  while overall hate crimes fell by 7 percent. Dallas is among the cities included in this study. Georgia passed a hate crime bill last year that enhances the punishment for people convicted of a hate crime. Denying hate as a motive for the attack is unlikely to spare Long any punishment since he already faces the possibility of the death penalty. Georgia is among 28 states that still carry out capital punishment. To be sure, if Long had carried out the alleged murders in Texas, he would be charged with capital murder – which is punishable by life in prison without parole or the death penalty. In Texas, a person commits capital murder if he or she kills more than one person in the same criminal transaction or the same scheme. Whether Georgia prosecutors will prosecute the killings as a hate crime or seek the death penalty in this case remains to be seen. There’s a lot on the table.

Groping is a Crime in Texas that Carries Jail Time March 17, 2021

By now, everyone has heard about the groping allegations against New York Governor Anthony Cuomo. So far, he has avoided arrest and criminal charges in New York. But if Gov. Cuomo were in Texas, he may not fare so well. Did you know groping is a crime in the Lone Star State that carries jail time? Seven women have now come forward claiming that Governor Cuomo touched them inappropriately or sexually harassed them. One former aid accused him of groping her under her shirt in the governor’s mansion. The allegations are being investigated in New York and many people are calling for the Governor to resign. This begs a question: What would happen if those types of groping allegations were made against a public figure or anyone in Texas? Texas has a relatively new law on the books that punishes groping. In 2019, the Texas Legislature passed a new law titled “indecent assault,” which made groping or inappropriate sexual contact a Class A misdemeanor. A Class A misdemeanor is punishable by up to a year in county jail and a maximum $4000 fine. Essentially, this law covers inappropriate sexual contact, such as pinching someone’s rear or grabbing their breast – actions that many consider sexual harassment. It’s important to point out that, in order for the actions to be criminal in Texas, the alleged touching must have been non-consensual and the offender’s intent must have been to arouse or gratify the sexual desire of themselves or the other person. So how common is this charge? Since 2019, at least 87 people have been arrested for indecent assault in Fort Worth. In the grand scheme of things, it is a relatively rare charge. Still, it's one that is on the books in Texas.

Tarrant DA Annual Report: Who's Responsible for COVID Case Backlog? March 16, 2021

Recently, Tarrant County Criminal District Attorney Sharen Wilson released her 2020 annual report. Not surprisingly, it talks a lot about how the last year has been impacted by COVID, and how cases started piling up after The Texas Supreme Court shut down jury trials.

The report provides some jaw-dropping numbers. The number of untried cases nearly doubled in one year. In January 2020, there were 29,253 pending cases. By December, the caseload had soared to 43,759.

In her report, she states, “Many criminal cases cannot be disposed of with plea offers and must go to trial.” What does this mean?  Let’s break it down.

While every person accused of a crime has the right to a jury trial, very few actually exercise that right. If they did, the entire criminal justice system would come to a screeching halt: jury trials take time, money, space, jurors and a lot of personnel — things every county has limited resources of.

In 2019, less than 1 percent of all pending cases were resolved by way of a jury trial.  Most resolutions come by way of plea bargaining.  A plea bargain is a state offered resolution that is generally meant to entice the defendant to plea, providing the defendant a better outcome than they would hope to obtain if convicted at trial.  In return, the State moves cases, saves money, and secures specific outcomes. Other types of resolutions involved state-issued dismissals, state-run diversion programs, or grand jury returning no bills.

A common misconception is that judges are responsible for reducing backlog. While a defendant displeased with their state offers can generally circumvent the plea bargaining process and enter an “open plea” to a judge for punishment, they can only do so with the State’s permission.  Even then, the Judge does not have the power to reduce the charge, dismiss companion cases or offer other often desired results, making this path to resolution generally less desirable.

COVID shut down a lot of things, but the plea process wasn’t one of them.  The criminal courts have accepted pleas throughout the pandemic, virtually and in person.

So, how does the DA explain an increase of almost 14,000 pending cases during a time when there were fewer felony case filings and more criminal prosecutors employed than years past?  Well, it sounds like some cases just have to be tried.  What does that look like?

In 2019 – before the pandemic – there were 153 felony juries seated in Tarrant County and 220 misdemeanor juries. With all 20 Tarrant County courts running at full steam, only 373 cases were resolved with jury trials.  Even if all our system’s resources are committed exclusively to executing jury trials once the system opens back up, we are looking at decades to resolve that kind of backlog.

Meanwhile, the jail continues to be overwhelmed. Even after opening a new facility early last year, the Belknap Unit, Tarrant County is over 80 percent occupancy, according to the Texas Commission on Jail standards. Aside from the fact that it costs taxpayers approximately $82 a day to house an inmate, where we will put additional inmates as cases keep pouring in and those sitting remain unresolved?

The reality is that the District Attorney’s Office has almost complete control over the backlog. They alone have the ability to dispose of cases efficiently through reasonable plea bargain offers.

It will take effort on everyone’s part to reduce the backlog of cases in Tarrant County. Forcing citizens by way of jury summons to resolve cases themselves, isn’t ideal.  Trying cases simply isn’t the answer. Doing whatever it takes to resolve them through an agreement is.

It’s time for the Tarrant County District Attorney’s Office to come to the bargaining table.  Let’s take a seat, discuss, and work through this together.


Hate Crime? Plano Boy Bullied at Sleepover March 15, 2021

The family of a Plano middle school student says he was the victim of a hate crime, and police have contacted the FBI. Summer Smith says her 13-year-old son, who is black, was called racists slurs, shot with BB guns, slapped him in his sleep, and made to drink his white classmates’ urine at a recent sleepover. The alleged bullying was captured on video which has since gone viral. The boy’s mother said that her son was bullied at the hands of former football teammates. She said her son quit the football team earlier in the year due to bullying. She claims that his invitation to the sleepover was a set-up, a “premeditated attack” for their “entertainment.” So far, no one has been arrested or charged in connection with the incident. If anyone gets arrested and they are under the age of 17, they would be handled through the juvenile system. Under state law, there is not a specific crime that is a hate crime, but if a crime is motivated because of race, sexual orientation or gender, the punishment for that crime can be enhanced. The FBI also aggressively investigates and prosecutes hate crimes, which is likely why they were contacted by Plano police. The family reported the bullying incidents at the sleepover to Plano ISD on March 2. A couple of days later, a group of mothers and Plano residents protested in front of Haggard Middle school to demand school officials take actions. Since then, the story has garnered national attention momentum. A GoFundMe page has been set up for the teen. The family has hired an attorney who has stated that the bullying rises to felony assault and is a hate crime. Press conferences have been held with the police chief, school superintendent and the mayor. Hundreds of people have protested outside Plano police headquarters. We will continue to keep you posted as this story continues to unfold.

In other news:

On Friday, the Minneapolis City Council unanimously approved a $27 million civil settlement with the family of George Floyd. It’s the largest settlement of its kind. Last May, the 46-year-old black man died after former police officer Derek Chauvin pinned him to the ground for nine minutes. Floyd’s family sued, arguing that police violated his rights and failed to properly train its officers. The timing of the approval of the settlement is interesting.  Jury selection is underway in Chauvin’s trial. The news of this settlement could lead to Chauvin’s legal team to call for a mistrial. Or make it harder to seat an impartial jury.

Tarrant County Jailers Accused of Lying on Dead Inmate's Log March 11, 2021

Two Tarrant County jailers have been indicted after authorities said they lied at least 20 times about checking on an inmate before he was found dead in June.

Jailers Erik Gay and Darien Kirk are now facing the charge of tampering with a governmental record, a state jail felony punishable by six months to two years in the state jail and up to a $10,000 fine. The Star-Telegram has been following issues in the Tarrant County Jail extensively over the past year. The paper reported that Tarrant County Sheriff Bill Waybourn requested that Gay and Kirk be investigated after inmate Javonte Myers was found dead in his cell. The Texas Rangers took over the investigation and the Star-Telegram obtained their investigative report this week. Myers was booked into Tarrant County jail on two misdemeanor charges of possession of a controlled substance and criminal trespass.  The Texas Rangers investigation indicated that jailers knew Myers suffered from seizures, bipolar disorder, a brain condition and respiratory complications. Due to these complications, Myers was placed in a medical cell, where it is required that jailers check on inmates every 20 minutes.  It is also required that jailers keep a digital log to record the start and finish of every check. Tragically for Myers, the required checks weren’t conducted properly and he died in his cell of a seizure. Kirk and Gay later admitted to investigators that they falsified checks on Myers and other inmates, the Star-Telegram reported. Both have since resigned. Myers was one of 17 people who died while in custody at the Tarrant County Jail in 2020. The Sheriff’s Department has come under fire due to the high number of inmate deaths and even lost its state certification for six days last summer. Many of the inmates who died were in jail for misdemeanor offenses and some suffered from mental illness and homelessness - petty crimes carrying a death sentence for some.  New bond restrictions and decreased case resolutions resulting from the pandemic could have also contributed to inmates spending more time in custody than necessary, exposing them to similar fate.

Lauren King with the Tarrant County Homeless Coalition was quoted in the Star-Telegram stating, “A focus for 2021 will be creating a connection with the criminal justice system and figuring out how do we catch people who go back and forth between the jail and a shelter?”

According to the Star-Telegram, the Bexar County District Attorney announced last year that his office wouldn’t prosecute homeless people for criminal trespassing unless they had a violent history.  When the Star-Telegram asked how the Tarrant County Criminal District Attorney’s Office would handle similar matters, DA Sharen Wilson responded: “Homeless people who commit crimes are prosecuted in Tarrant County.”  She went on to explain her office is working to divert low-level, non-violent offenders out of the jail and into treatment.


Dallas Cop Suspect of Two Counts of Capital Murder Kept Job for Years March 10, 2021

A Dallas police officer charged with two counts of capital murder was fired on Tuesday – and the public is asking why the termination didn’t come sooner. Officer Bryan Riser was identified as “person of interest” last year in alleged murder-for-hire schemes, but was kept on the job to avoid tipping him off to the investigation. This is according to former Dallas Police Chief Renee Hall who told the media that putting him on leave “could have compromised the investigation.” But now information has surfaced that Riser was actually the “subject” of the homicide investigation as far back as 2017. He was also involved in multiple internal affairs investigations that same year into alleged unethical behavior. Still, he continued to patrol the streets of Dallas for several years, according to the Dallas Morning News. Riser has been employed by the Dallas Police Department since 2008. He is accused of offering to pay three men to kidnap and kill 31-year-old Liza Saenz and 61-year-old Albert Douglas. Douglas was reported missing in 2017 and his body hasn’t been found. Saenz’s body was pulled from the Trinity River in March 2017. Riser’s defense attorney, Toby Shook, said his client has denied any involvement in the two murders. He called the case “strange” and suggested that if police really thought his client was involved they would have arrested and fired him sooner. “He’s driving around, patrolling, doing his job every day with a gun, without incident for nearly two years,” Shook told the Associated Press. “If you really though he was involved in this why would you move on him sooner.”= Earlier this week, Dallas Mayor Eric Johnson created a committee to investigate why Riser was allowed to remain on the force amid a capital murder investigation. Dallas new Police Chief Eddie Garcia said he had not been briefed on the investigation until last week and, the next day, ordered Riser’s arrest. To be sure, Riser’s delayed arrest and firing will be a focal point in his trial. Stay tuned. This one has lots of twists and turns and is worth watching.

George Floyd: Jury Selection Begins in Trial of Ex-Cop Derek Chauvin March 9, 2021

Jury selection is expected to begin today in the trial of a former Minneapolis police officer charged in George Floyd’s death. Derek Chauvin is accused of killing Floyd by kneeling on his neck for more than nine minutes. He is charged with second-degree murder and manslaughter. Prosecutors are also hoping to reinstate a third-degree murder charge — an issue that delayed the start of the jury selection yesterday. While we wait for that legal issue to be resolved – determining exactly what charges Chauvin will be tried on - we are highlighting some interesting facts about jury selection in this trial: Opening statements are not expected to begin until at least March 29. This is a trial we will be watching and the VS News Desk will keep you informed on the latest happenings.

Texas Courts Cleared for In-Person Trials March 8, 2021

On March 5, the Texas Supreme Court cleared the way for courts to open up again. In-person hearings and jury trials are now permitted across the state of Texas. Requirements that people wear masks and social distance will be left up to local and county court officials. This new order by the high court comes just days after Gov. Greg Abbott announced he will lift coronavirus restrictions this week. Clearing the way for courts to open back up is certainly going to create some chaos and confusions in large counties, as courts struggle to find a way to knock down the backlog of cases created by the pandemic. In Tarrant County, for example, there are currently 27,000 pending misdemeanors and 23,000 pending felonies. The local judges have proposed a plan to start tackling this backlog. With the Supreme Court’s new order, we assume this plan will be put into place in the coming days and weeks So what does this mean to people who are waiting for their day in court? You may be getting it soon.
 
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2021-04-15T08:37:05-06:00
Varghese Summersett PLLC
Varghese Summersett PLLC