Menu

By Benson Varghese

Published on: November 16th, 2013 at 10:25 AM
Last Updated: July 28th, 2020 at 12:24 AM

What is Theft in Texas?

Theft in Texas is the unlawful appropriation of property with the intent to deprive the owner of the property.

What is the Punishment for Theft in Texas?

The level of offense – and therefore the punishment for theft in Texas depends on the value of the loss or attempted loss. The offense level is set out in the Texas Theft Value Ladder:

Texas Theft Ladder

Amount Offense ClassificationsPenalty
under $100Class C Misdemeanor$500 fine
100750Class B MisdemeanorUp to 180 days in jail
7502500Class A MisdemeanorUp to 1 year in jail
250030000State Jail Felony180 days - 2 years state jail
30000150000Third Degree Felony2-10 years in prison
150000300000Second Degree Felony2-20 years in prison
300000+First Degree Felony5-99 years or life

Being arrested for theft can be life-changing. Theft charges carry collateral consequences that affect a person’s future employment, education opportunities, and even the ability to sit on a jury. That’s why it’s extremely important to have an experienced Fort Worth theft lawyer represent you if you are facing a theft charge.

Our Fort Worth theft lawyers will help you navigate the criminal justice system and explain your legal options. We will thoroughly review the circumstances surrounding your case and work diligently to build a compelling defense.

As experienced defense attorneys, our goals for theft charges are three-fold.

  • First, we strive to keep you out of jail. Most people tell us the hours and days following arrest were among the worst in their lives.
  • Second, and equally important, we seek to avoid a conviction from becoming a part of your criminal history.
  • Finally, we seek an outcome that allows for an expunction after the criminal case is resolved.

What is Theft in Texas?

The legal definition for “theft” in Texas is the “unlawful appropriation” of property with the intent to deprive the owner of property.” Like many states, Texas has a consolidated theft statute meaning that there is a single offense superseding separate offenses previously known as theft by false pretext, conversion, theft from the person, shoplifting, acquisition of property by threat, swindling, swindling by worthless check, embezzlement, extortion, receiving or concealing embezzled property and receiving or concealing stolen property. This is what we call the general theft statute. In other words, all of the crimes listed above constitute “theft.”

Applicable statute: Texas Penal Code Ann. §31.03.

Committing Theft

You can commit theft in the State of Texas when you take something that does not belong to you, without consent or permission of the owner and without any other legal justification for doing so and at the time of the offense you have no intention of giving the property back to its rightful owner.

It doesn’t matter how long you keep the property, instead what matters is that you took the property from its rightful owner. “Owner” includes anyone with title to the property, possession of the property (whether lawful or not) or with a greater right to actual care, custody, control or management of the property than the defendant. The word “appropriates” refers in part to acquisition or exercise of control over the property, which should be distinguished from destroying of property.

What are Theft Offense Levels in Texas?

Most of the states, including Texas, classify theft offenses according to the value of the stolen property or services and sometimes even by the type of property that was stolen. Prosecutors may rely on fair market value of the property or its replacement value.

For more information, please reference Texas Penal Code Section 31.08.

Besides the possibility of jail time and fines, people convicted of theft may also be ordered to pay restitution. A theft conviction could also impact their ability to vote, obtain a job, or get into a college. A Fort Worth theft lawyer at our firm will explain the direct and indirect consequences of a theft conviction and will fight for the best possible outcome.

Types of Theft

There are several types of theft charges under Texas law.  Here’s a look at some common ways to be accused of theft:

Switching Price Tags

The retail lobby got together and made the offense of switching price tags a Class A misdemeanor. This makes offenses that would generally be Class C or Class B theft charges and bumps them up to a Class A misdemeanor punishable by up to a year in jail. This offense is known as Fraudulent Destruction, Removal, or Concealment of Writing. You can find it in Penal Code Section 32.47. For more information about this charge, contact our office today and speak to an experienced theft lawyer in Fort Worth.

For more information, see Texas Penal Code Section 32.47. 

Theft From a Person

Under Penal Code 31.03(e)(4)(B), theft from a person of another or from a human corpse or grave is a state jail felony punishable by up to two years in state jail and up to a $10,000 fine.

For more information, see Texas Penal Code Section 31.03(e)(4)(B). 

Theft With Priors

Thefts can be enhanced in several ways. A Class C theft with a prior theft is going to get enhanced to a Class B misdemeanor and subject you to jail time instead of just a monetary fine. Two prior convictions can turn a misdemeanor theft into a felony. A theft with two prior conviction where the value of the new alleged stolen property is less than $2,500 is a State Jail Felony with a punishment range of 180 days two years in State Jail. In other words, if you steal a packet of gum when you have two priors theft convictions, you could go to jail for two years. This is just another reason why it’s so important to have an experienced attorney if you have been accused of theft in Fort Worth.

For more information, see Texas Penal Code Section 31.03(e)(2)(B). 

Theft Involving Trade Secrets

Under Penal Code 31.05, Theft of a Trade Secret in Texas in a third degree felony. “Trade secret” means the whole or any part of any scientific or technical information, design, process, procedure, formula, or improvement that has value and that the owner has taken measures to prevent from becoming available to persons other than those selected by the owner to have access for limited purposes.

For more information, see Penal Code 31.05.

Possession of Stolen Property

Police officers do not always catch the thief in the act of stealing, instead they find suspects in possession of property that has been recently stolen. What happens next? It is possible that there is a reasonable explanation of why a person is in possession of stolen property or it is also possible that the suspect actually stole the property and kept it in her possession. If the suspect received stolen property and knew that the property was stolen, Texas Penal Code allows for that offense to be consolidated into the general theft statute. (§31.02)

Theft By Deception

Theft by Deception is similar to the basic theft charge, except that the individual employed some deceptive act or used deceptive words, which were relied upon by the victim in making the decision to turn over their property. For example, if someone makes a representation that they own a construction business and takes money from a victim to perform a job they never intended to complete, then they could be prosecuted for theft by deception. It doesn’t matter whether the victim voluntarily gave money to the defendant, what matters is that the victim relied on the defendant’s representations. This type of theft opens more defensive theories for the defendant because now the defendant can go more into detail about the formation of the contract, expectation of the parties, partial completion of any promises and the victim’s state of mind.

Theft By Extortion

Theft by Extortion is expressly consolidated into the crime of theft, however this offense requires the consent to appropriation be induced by coercion or threat in order to be considered an offense. (§31.02) “Coercion” means among other things, a threat, however communicated: (A) to commit an offense; (B) to inflict bodily injury in the future on the person threatened or another; (C) to accuse a person of any offense; (D) to expose a person to hatred, contempt or ridicule; (E) to harm the credit or business repute of any person; (F) or take or withhold action as a public servant, or to cause a public servant to take or withhold action. Texas explicitly requires appropriation of the property in order for extortion to exist, because the theft statute requires an appropriation.

For more information, please reference Penal Code 31.02

Theft Of Services

A theft of services allegation is typically an accusation that a person received some sort of service without paying for it. This can range from roofing work to entering a contract to pay for services or products. It is also the charge that prosecutors use when a person has taken internet, cable, or electricity without payment.

Texas Penal Code 31.04 provides that a person commits theft of service if they secure the performance of a service by threat or deception with the intent to avoid payment for the service.

This also includes theft of personal property that was obtained through a written rental agreement.

A defense is available if the service provider accepted a post-dated check but then presented the check before the agreed date. There are many other defenses that may apply that are not statutory defenses. A skilled defense attorney will be able to walk you through the other potential defenses that could apply.

For more information, please reference Penal Code 31.04

Organized Retail Theft

This type of theft specifically seeks to punish conduct related to organized retail theft. The following conduct can be prosecuted:

  • If someone receives this type of stolen property;
  • Possesses such property;
  • Hides the property for another person;
  • Stores such stolen retail merchandise for themselves or another person;
  • Barters the merchandise for other property;
  • Sells the stolen retail merchandise; or
  • Simply disposes of the retail merchandise.

The punishment for this type of theft or other involvement in stolen retail merchandise depends on the value of the stolen property. The consequences range from a Class B misdemeanor to a first-degree felony. The breakdown is as follows:

  • Where the value of the property is less than $100, it is a Class B misdemeanor punishable by a fine up to $2,000 or up to 180 days in jail or both;
  • Where the value of the merchandise is more than $100 and less than $750, the conduct is a Class A misdemeanor, which is punishable by a fine up to $4,000 or up to one year in jail, or both;
  • $750 to $2500 worth of stolen merchandise is considered a state jail felony, which is punishable by a fine up to $10,000, and up to two years in jail, with a minimum jail sentence of 180 days.

For more information, please reference Texas Penal Code Section 31.16.

Punishments for a Felony Theft Conviction

Depending on the value of the property or the type of property that was taken, theft can be charged as a misdemeanor or felony. Our Fort Worth theft lawyers have handled every kind of theft case, ranging from Class C misdemeanors to first-degree felonies:

  • First-degree felony —  Penalties may include a $10,000 fine and a period of incarceration of up to 99 years
  • Second-degree felony — Penalties may include a $10,000 fine and a period of incarceration of up to 20 years
  • Third-degree felony — Penalties may include a $10,000 fine and a period of incarceration not to exceed 10 years
  • State jail felony — Penalties may include a $10,000 fine and a period of incarceration not to exceed two years

Misdemeanor Theft Penalties

When a stolen item is valued under $50, the offense may charged as a Class C misdemeanor punishable by a maximum $500 fine.

Class B and A misdemeanors, however, carry stricter penalties. For example, if the stolen item is a form of identification such as a driver’s license, or is worth between $50 and $499, the theft is charged as a Class B misdemeanor punishable by up to 180-days in jail and a maximum $2,000 fine.

If someone is convicted of stealing property worth at least $500 but under $1,500, they face up to 12 months in jail and a $4,000 fine.

Theft cases can get complicated. Because the punishments vary depending on the charge, it’s important to speak with an experienced Fort Worth theft lawyer to find out what you or your loved one is facing.

Civil Liability for Theft

In addition to criminal penalties, a person who commits theft (including shoplifting) in the state of Texas may be civilly liable to the theft victim under the Texas Theft Liability Act. Victim of theft may recover a monetary award that includes actual damages caused by the theft (such as retail value of the item if not returned in sellable condition) and a civil penalty of no more than $1000. If the person who commits theft is a minor, then minor’s legal guardian may be civilly liable under the Texas Theft Liability Act, but monetary recovery is limited to actual damages and the cap is at $5,000.

Potential Defenses for a Theft Charge

The two most common defenses are consent and intent. Common issues in the investigation and prosecution of theft are that the police must show that the offender knew they took someone else’s property without permission or that they have or had possession of the property.  If you have been arrested or indicted on a theft charge, call our team of criminal defense attorneys at 817-203-2220. A Fort Worth theft lawyer will evaluate your case and discuss options and strategies.

Can I Get My Theft Case Dismissed?

One of the most commons questions our Fort Worth theft lawyers get asked from someone who has been arrested for a theft charge is whether the case can be dismissed. As defense attorneys, our goal for first-time offenders is to not only seek the best outcome but to find an outcome where even the arrest can be expunged off the person’s record. This may be achieved through certain reductions, diversion programs, or through dismissals.

Tarrant County Theft Diversion Program

If you are 24 or under and this is your first time to be arrested for theft, contact our office and speak to an experienced Fort Worth theft lawyer to determine if you’re eligible to enter the Deferred Prosecution Program.

Client Review

Title: Thank you for getting my theft case dismissed!

I just want to say thank you to Attorney Benson and the staff at Varghese  Summersett for helping me get through my case. I was put into a situation in which I was falsely accused of theft in a supermarket and with the help of Attorney Benson, I was able to clear my name and have my case dismissed. Throughout the entire ordeal, Mr. Benson made it clear to me that he would do everything in his power to assure that this injustice being made against me would be taken care of. I am so glad that I made the right decision in choosing Attorney Benson to represent me. I have nothing but respect for Mr. Benson and want to wish him, along with his kind staff many blessings. Thank you, for you are truly an angel in disguise.

A. Soria

Client

Contact Our Experienced Fort Worth Theft Lawyers for Legal Help

If you have been charged with a theft crime in Fort Worth, it’s imperative to seek legal representation immediately. Sometimes theft cases stem from mistakes, misunderstandings or miscommunications. Our Fort Worth theft lawyers will evaluate the facts and circumstances and determine the best strategy to defend you. Call our office now to schedule your free consultation.

During this call, an experienced Fort Worth theft lawyer will:

  • Discuss the facts of your case;
  • Discuss the legal issues involved, including the direct and collateral consequences of the allegation; and
  • Discuss the defenses that apply and in general terms discuss our approach to your case.

You can also contact us online and an attorney will respond.

Client Review

Title: Compassionate and Empathetic Advocate
N/A Varghese Summersett PLLC 300 Throckmorton St Suite 1650 Fort Worth TX 76102 Phone: (817) 203-2220
Description: I was honored to have Mr. Benson Varghese personally represent. Mr. Varghese is amazing, and by that I mean he will always return your call, respond to your emails and be a compassionate and empathetic advocate. It's worth noting that we have not been to trial, as yet, but I have the utmost faith that he will do everything in his power to defend me against the false allegations filed against me.

Rating: ★★★★★

5 / 5 stars
Fort Worth Theft Lawyer

What is Theft in Texas?

Theft in Texas is the unlawful appropriation of property with the intent to deprive the owner of the property.

What is the Punishment for Theft in Texas?

The level of offense - and therefore the punishment for theft in Texas depends on the value of the loss or attempted loss. The offense level is set out in the Texas Theft Value Ladder:

Texas Theft Ladder

[table id=1 /] Being arrested for theft can be life-changing. Theft charges carry collateral consequences that affect a person's future employment, education opportunities, and even the ability to sit on a jury. That's why it's extremely important to have an experienced Fort Worth theft lawyer represent you if you are facing a theft charge. Our Fort Worth theft lawyers will help you navigate the criminal justice system and explain your legal options. We will thoroughly review the circumstances surrounding your case and work diligently to build a compelling defense. As experienced defense attorneys, our goals for theft charges are three-fold. [Table-Structure]

What is Theft in Texas?

The legal definition for "theft" in Texas is the "unlawful appropriation" of property with the intent to deprive the owner of property." Like many states, Texas has a consolidated theft statute meaning that there is a single offense superseding separate offenses previously known as theft by false pretext, conversion, theft from the person, shoplifting, acquisition of property by threat, swindling, swindling by worthless check, embezzlement, extortion, receiving or concealing embezzled property and receiving or concealing stolen property. This is what we call the general theft statute. In other words, all of the crimes listed above constitute "theft." Applicable statute: Texas Penal Code Ann. §31.03. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ikk8DxrdMwI&feature=youtu.be

Committing Theft

You can commit theft in the State of Texas when you take something that does not belong to you, without consent or permission of the owner and without any other legal justification for doing so and at the time of the offense you have no intention of giving the property back to its rightful owner.

It doesn't matter how long you keep the property, instead what matters is that you took the property from its rightful owner. “Owner” includes anyone with title to the property, possession of the property (whether lawful or not) or with a greater right to actual care, custody, control or management of the property than the defendant. The word “appropriates” refers in part to acquisition or exercise of control over the property, which should be distinguished from destroying of property.

What are Theft Offense Levels in Texas?

Most of the states, including Texas, classify theft offenses according to the value of the stolen property or services and sometimes even by the type of property that was stolen. Prosecutors may rely on fair market value of the property or its replacement value. For more information, please reference Texas Penal Code Section 31.08. Besides the possibility of jail time and fines, people convicted of theft may also be ordered to pay restitution. A theft conviction could also impact their ability to vote, obtain a job, or get into a college. A Fort Worth theft lawyer at our firm will explain the direct and indirect consequences of a theft conviction and will fight for the best possible outcome.

Types of Theft

There are several types of theft charges under Texas law.  Here's a look at some common ways to be accused of theft:

Switching Price Tags

The retail lobby got together and made the offense of switching price tags a Class A misdemeanor. This makes offenses that would generally be Class C or Class B theft charges and bumps them up to a Class A misdemeanor punishable by up to a year in jail. This offense is known as Fraudulent Destruction, Removal, or Concealment of Writing. You can find it in Penal Code Section 32.47. For more information about this charge, contact our office today and speak to an experienced theft lawyer in Fort Worth. For more information, see Texas Penal Code Section 32.47. 

Theft From a Person

Under Penal Code 31.03(e)(4)(B), theft from a person of another or from a human corpse or grave is a state jail felony punishable by up to two years in state jail and up to a $10,000 fine. For more information, see Texas Penal Code Section 31.03(e)(4)(B). 

Theft With Priors

Thefts can be enhanced in several ways. A Class C theft with a prior theft is going to get enhanced to a Class B misdemeanor and subject you to jail time instead of just a monetary fine. Two prior convictions can turn a misdemeanor theft into a felony. A theft with two prior conviction where the value of the new alleged stolen property is less than $2,500 is a State Jail Felony with a punishment range of 180 days two years in State Jail. In other words, if you steal a packet of gum when you have two priors theft convictions, you could go to jail for two years. This is just another reason why it's so important to have an experienced attorney if you have been accused of theft in Fort Worth. For more information, see Texas Penal Code Section 31.03(e)(2)(B). 

Theft Involving Trade Secrets

Under Penal Code 31.05, Theft of a Trade Secret in Texas in a third degree felony. “Trade secret” means the whole or any part of any scientific or technical information, design, process, procedure, formula, or improvement that has value and that the owner has taken measures to prevent from becoming available to persons other than those selected by the owner to have access for limited purposes. For more information, see Penal Code 31.05.

Possession of Stolen Property

Police officers do not always catch the thief in the act of stealing, instead they find suspects in possession of property that has been recently stolen. What happens next? It is possible that there is a reasonable explanation of why a person is in possession of stolen property or it is also possible that the suspect actually stole the property and kept it in her possession. If the suspect received stolen property and knew that the property was stolen, Texas Penal Code allows for that offense to be consolidated into the general theft statute. (§31.02)

Theft By Deception

Theft by Deception is similar to the basic theft charge, except that the individual employed some deceptive act or used deceptive words, which were relied upon by the victim in making the decision to turn over their property. For example, if someone makes a representation that they own a construction business and takes money from a victim to perform a job they never intended to complete, then they could be prosecuted for theft by deception. It doesn’t matter whether the victim voluntarily gave money to the defendant, what matters is that the victim relied on the defendant’s representations. This type of theft opens more defensive theories for the defendant because now the defendant can go more into detail about the formation of the contract, expectation of the parties, partial completion of any promises and the victim’s state of mind.

Theft By Extortion

Theft by Extortion is expressly consolidated into the crime of theft, however this offense requires the consent to appropriation be induced by coercion or threat in order to be considered an offense. (§31.02) “Coercion” means among other things, a threat, however communicated: (A) to commit an offense; (B) to inflict bodily injury in the future on the person threatened or another; (C) to accuse a person of any offense; (D) to expose a person to hatred, contempt or ridicule; (E) to harm the credit or business repute of any person; (F) or take or withhold action as a public servant, or to cause a public servant to take or withhold action. Texas explicitly requires appropriation of the property in order for extortion to exist, because the theft statute requires an appropriation.

For more information, please reference Penal Code 31.02

Theft Of Services

A theft of services allegation is typically an accusation that a person received some sort of service without paying for it. This can range from roofing work to entering a contract to pay for services or products. It is also the charge that prosecutors use when a person has taken internet, cable, or electricity without payment. Texas Penal Code 31.04 provides that a person commits theft of service if they secure the performance of a service by threat or deception with the intent to avoid payment for the service. This also includes theft of personal property that was obtained through a written rental agreement. A defense is available if the service provider accepted a post-dated check but then presented the check before the agreed date. There are many other defenses that may apply that are not statutory defenses. A skilled defense attorney will be able to walk you through the other potential defenses that could apply. For more information, please reference Penal Code 31.04

Organized Retail Theft

This type of theft specifically seeks to punish conduct related to organized retail theft. The following conduct can be prosecuted: The punishment for this type of theft or other involvement in stolen retail merchandise depends on the value of the stolen property. The consequences range from a Class B misdemeanor to a first-degree felony. The breakdown is as follows: For more information, please reference Texas Penal Code Section 31.16.

Punishments for a Felony Theft Conviction

Depending on the value of the property or the type of property that was taken, theft can be charged as a misdemeanor or felony. Our Fort Worth theft lawyers have handled every kind of theft case, ranging from Class C misdemeanors to first-degree felonies:

Misdemeanor Theft Penalties

When a stolen item is valued under $50, the offense may charged as a Class C misdemeanor punishable by a maximum $500 fine. Class B and A misdemeanors, however, carry stricter penalties. For example, if the stolen item is a form of identification such as a driver’s license, or is worth between $50 and $499, the theft is charged as a Class B misdemeanor punishable by up to 180-days in jail and a maximum $2,000 fine. If someone is convicted of stealing property worth at least $500 but under $1,500, they face up to 12 months in jail and a $4,000 fine. Theft cases can get complicated. Because the punishments vary depending on the charge, it’s important to speak with an experienced Fort Worth theft lawyer to find out what you or your loved one is facing.

Civil Liability for Theft

In addition to criminal penalties, a person who commits theft (including shoplifting) in the state of Texas may be civilly liable to the theft victim under the Texas Theft Liability Act. Victim of theft may recover a monetary award that includes actual damages caused by the theft (such as retail value of the item if not returned in sellable condition) and a civil penalty of no more than $1000. If the person who commits theft is a minor, then minor’s legal guardian may be civilly liable under the Texas Theft Liability Act, but monetary recovery is limited to actual damages and the cap is at $5,000.

Potential Defenses for a Theft Charge

The two most common defenses are consent and intent. Common issues in the investigation and prosecution of theft are that the police must show that the offender knew they took someone else’s property without permission or that they have or had possession of the property.  If you have been arrested or indicted on a theft charge, call our team of criminal defense attorneys at 817-203-2220. A Fort Worth theft lawyer will evaluate your case and discuss options and strategies.

Can I Get My Theft Case Dismissed?

One of the most commons questions our Fort Worth theft lawyers get asked from someone who has been arrested for a theft charge is whether the case can be dismissed. As defense attorneys, our goal for first-time offenders is to not only seek the best outcome but to find an outcome where even the arrest can be expunged off the person's record. This may be achieved through certain reductions, diversion programs, or through dismissals.

Tarrant County Theft Diversion Program

If you are 24 or under and this is your first time to be arrested for theft, contact our office and speak to an experienced Fort Worth theft lawyer to determine if you're eligible to enter the Deferred Prosecution Program.
Client Review
Title: Thank you for getting my theft case dismissed! I just want to say thank you to Attorney Benson and the staff at Varghese  Summersett for helping me get through my case. I was put into a situation in which I was falsely accused of theft in a supermarket and with the help of Attorney Benson, I was able to clear my name and have my case dismissed. Throughout the entire ordeal, Mr. Benson made it clear to me that he would do everything in his power to assure that this injustice being made against me would be taken care of. I am so glad that I made the right decision in choosing Attorney Benson to represent me. I have nothing but respect for Mr. Benson and want to wish him, along with his kind staff many blessings. Thank you, for you are truly an angel in disguise. A. Soria Client

Contact Our Experienced Fort Worth Theft Lawyers for Legal Help

If you have been charged with a theft crime in Fort Worth, it’s imperative to seek legal representation immediately. Sometimes theft cases stem from mistakes, misunderstandings or miscommunications. Our Fort Worth theft lawyers will evaluate the facts and circumstances and determine the best strategy to defend you. Call our office now to schedule your free consultation.

During this call, an experienced Fort Worth theft lawyer will:

You can also contact us online and an attorney will respond.

https://versustexas.com/wp-content/themes/varghesesummer/images/our-team.jpg
2020-07-28T00:24:48+00:00
Varghese Summersett PLLC
Varghese Summersett PLLC