Making prank calls to 911 to get police to react to a non-emergency – sometimes called “swatting” – has gained popularity over the past few years, but is no laughing matter. In 2021, Texas lawmakers made swatting a Class A misdemeanor. Here’s a look at how pranking police or swatting can get you in trouble with the law.
Pranksters who dial 911 when there is no real emergency and then hang up, stay silent, or make a bogus request, outlandish statement or plea for help risk getting arrested. Pranking or swatting police is not something law enforcement find amusing, since it could prevent people with real emergencies from getting through or getting help. Although the 911 system tracks callers, many cybercriminals call with a spoofed number.
Under Section 42.061 of the Texas Penal code, a person commits the offense of making a silent or abusive call to 9-1-1 service, if he or she calls 911 when there is not an emergency and knowingly or intentionally:
A person also commits the offense if they knowingly permit another person to use their phone or communications device to make a silent or abusive call to 911.
Under Chapter 22.14 of the Texas Penal Code, a person commits the offense of “Swatting” if he or she reports a crime or emergency to any law enforcement agency or officer or 9-1-1 service and:
Making silent or abusive calls to 911 is a Class B misdemeanor, punishable by up to six months in jail and a $2,000 fine.
Swatting is Class A misdemeanor punishable by up to a year and jail and a $4,000 fine. The punishment is increased to a state jail felony, punishable by six months to two years in state jail, if the defendant has been previously convicted twice of the offense. The punishment is a third-degree felony, punishable by two to 10 years in prison, if a person is seriously injured or killed as a result of the emergency response.
A court can also order a defendant to make restitution or reimburse the cost of the emergency response.
Swatting is a term used for making a false report about an ongoing crime or emergency with the intent of getting a large police presence or “SWAT” response at a specific location where no emergency exists. The Federal Bureau of Investigation estimates there are about 400 cases of swatting a year. Swatting has been gaining in popularity in recent years, especially with online gamers. Officials say that the callers will use caller ID spoofing or other techniques to disguise their number as being local or call non-emergency numbers instead of 911. It’s also common for the caller to claim that there is a killing or hostage situation involved in an effort to draw a large number of officers.
If you or a loved one is facing charges stemming from a 911 call, call us today for a complimentary strategy session. Our law firm is made up of experienced attorneys who focus on criminal defense matters at the state and federal levels. Collectively, our lawyers bring together more than 100 years of criminal law experience, have tried more than 600 jury trials, and include four Board Certified Criminal Law Specialists.
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