Three Divisions. One Firm.
Countless lives changed.
timeline of a personal injury case

Personal Injury Case Timeline

If you’ve been injured or suffered a loss that resulted in a personal injury claim being filed, you may be wondering how long it will take for the case to be resolved. While every case is different, this article outlines the personal injury case timeline.

Key Takeaways

  • A personal injury case involves several critical phases from the onset of injury to treatment and legal action, including emergency care, ongoing medical treatment, legal consultation, investigation, negotiation, and potentially a lawsuit.
  • The involvement of various experts is integral in personal injury cases to establish the extent of injuries, analyze the accident, and quantify financial losses, thereby strengthening the case for adequate compensation.
  • Personal injury lawyers play a pivotal role throughout the case, offering free evaluations, conducting legal research, delivering strategic negotiation, and ultimately guiding clients from initiation to resolution of the claim, usually on a contingency fee basis.

Essential Phases of a Personal Injury Case

A typical personal injury case unfolds through several critical phases, starting with the loss, treatment, and continuing through the demand process. Each of these stages plays a significant role in shaping the course of your personal injury claim.

The Loss

The loss refers to the incident that led to the injury. In a wrongful death case, it would be the death. It could be a car accident, a slip and fall, or any act of negligence by a person or business. This event is crucial as it triggers the personal injury claim. The nature of the accident, the extent of the loss, and the position of the parties involved form the foundation of the claim and affect potential compensation.

Emergency Treatment

Following the loss, emergency treatment is imperative. Seeking emergency care promptly can circumvent potential obstacles in your path to recovery and financial compensation. When you seek medical treatment, that treatment is provided without regard to who is paying. Unfortunately, as soon as the emergency treatment is over, you will find doctors and other medical providers will often refuse treatment if you were injured as a result of an accident. This is because the medical providers don’t want to wait until the personal injury case is over to get paid. If you are denied medical treatment, our personal injury team can get you in touch with doctors and medical providers who are willing to wait to get paid.

Initial Consultation with our Personal Injury Attorney

Whether it is because you’ve been denied medical treatment or you’ve had time to get your bearings after the loss, there will be a point when you are ready to consult a personal injury attorney. This initial consultation at Varghese Summersett is free of cost, providing an opportunity to:

  • Understand your rights and legal options
  • Have our attorney review your case
  • Discuss possible legal strategies
  • Explain our contingency fee basis where we only get paid if we win the case.

Experience and Trust Matter

Treatment Phase

During the treatment phase, our focus is on making sure you receive the treatment you need. We will follow up with medical providers, obtain medical records, and help make sure you’re able to get to your medical appointments. The records we obtain help establish the extent of your injuries and are crucial in determining the compensation you may receive.

Investigative Phase

While you’re receiving treatment and recovering our personal injury attorney will enter the investigative phase. We will:

  • Order police reports;
  • Get witness statements;
  • Order records;
  • Obtain any videos or other evidence that might exist; etc.

While you are treating, we are working hard to establish the other party’s liability and document the damages.

Ongoing Medical Care and Documentation

Even after the initial treatment, ongoing medical care and thorough documentation of your injuries are critical. This includes:

  • Follow-up treatments
  • Rehabilitation
  • Long-term health needs related to the injury
  • A pain journal documenting your daily struggles and progress

These records not only aid your recovery but also play a decisive role in your claim’s success.

Demand Phase

A demand in a personal injury case is a formal request made by the injured party (the plaintiff) or their attorney to the responsible party (the defendant) or their insurance company, asking for compensation for damages suffered due to an accident or incident. This compensation typically covers medical expenses, lost wages, pain and suffering, and other related costs.

A good demand in a personal injury case should:

  1. Be Well-Documented: Provide detailed evidence of the injuries, treatment, and financial losses incurred. This includes medical records, bills, proof of lost income, and any other relevant documentation.
  2. Be Clear and Concise: Present the facts and the amount of compensation sought in a clear and straightforward manner. Avoid unnecessary jargon or overly technical language.
  3. Include a Deadline: Set a reasonable deadline for a response, creating a sense of urgency for the responsible party to act.
  4. Be Supported by Law and Precedent: Cite relevant laws, statutes, and previous case precedents that support the claim and the amount demanded.

Expert Involvement in Personal Injury Cases

Personal injury cases sometimes involve a team of experts, each playing a crucial role in building a robust case. These experts include:

  • Medical professionals who assess the extent of your injuries
  • Accident reconstructionists who analyze how the accident happened
  • Financial experts who quantify the economic damages you’ve suffered

Each expert’s insights and testimonies contribute to the strength of your case.

Medical Expert Opinions

Medical experts provide a detailed report on your injuries, treatments, ongoing conditions, and the necessity for future care. They analyze medical records and conduct physical exams to articulate the long-term effects of your injuries. Their testimonies are often pivotal in establishing the link between the defendant’s actions and your injuries.

Accident Reconstruction and Analysis

Accident reconstructionists bring a scientific approach to elucidate how the accident occurred and who is at fault. They analyze evidence from medical records, police reports, and witness accounts to establish fault and causation. Their expertise can clarify the actions of drivers, the impact of vehicle defects, or the contribution of hazardous road conditions, especially in disputes over liability.

accident reconstruction in personal injury cases

Financial Analysis of Damages

Forensic accountants play a crucial role in personal injury cases by quantifying economic damages such as lost income and reduced earning capacity. They evaluate financial documents to assess the monetary impact of injuries. Their analyses help present economic damages clearly, ensuring you receive fair compensation for your loss.

Negotiating and Reaching a Settlement Agreement

Once the demand letter is sent, settlement negotiations commence. Despite the challenges of bargaining tactics and potential delays from insurance companies, persistence can lead to a higher settlement offer.

Settlement Negotiations Timeline

Settlement negotiations often last several months, allowing both parties sufficient time to reach a mutually beneficial agreement. Patience and regular communication with the adjuster are key to moving the process forward and preventing the claim from being sidelined.

Utilizing Mediation

Mediation offers an alternative to lengthy trials. A neutral third party, the mediator, facilitates negotiations, encouraging open discussion between parties. While the discussions are non-binding, they can be formalized through a legal document once an agreement is reached, providing control over the final settlement.

Pursuing a Personal Injury Lawsuit

If settlement negotiations fail to yield an agreement, a personal injury lawsuit may be the next step in the personal injury claims process. Filing a lawsuit initiates litigation, starting with serving the defendant with the lawsuit. The discovery and pretrial phases allow both parties to exchange information, a process that can take several months.

If a settlement is still not reached, the case proceeds to trial.

Filing the Complaint and Serving the Defendant

To initiate a lawsuit, a complaint detailing the facts of the case, alleging negligence, and outlining the damages sought is filed in the appropriate civil court. The defendant must then be served with a copy of the lawsuit. Timely and proper service is essential to avoid dismissal due to statute limitations and to establish the court’s jurisdiction over the defendant.

Discovery and Pretrial Process

The discovery process allows both parties to exchange information and evidence. Tools such as interrogatories, requests for production of documents, and depositions are used to gather relevant information. The goal of discovery is to avoid surprises at trial and ensure both sides are aware of the evidence.

Trial Proceedings

We have been to trial hundreds of times. A trial in a personal injury case is a legal process where the injured party presents evidence and arguments to prove that the defendant is responsible for their injuries and should provide compensation. The defendant, in turn, presents their defense. Both sides may call witnesses, present documents, and make arguments. The trial is conducted before a judge and sometimes a jury, who decide on the facts and apply the law to reach a verdict. If the plaintiff wins, the court will determine the amount of damages to be awarded. Trials can be complex and may last several days or longer.

Contingency Fee Arrangements

contingency fee arrangement is where the lawyer is compensated only if the client wins the case, with their fee being a percentage of the recovery. This arrangement benefits clients as they are not required to pay attorney fees if the case is unsuccessful, minimizing their financial risk.

Free Case Evaluations

We offer free consultations to evaluate a case’s viability. These consultations help clients understand the strengths of their claims and set realistic expectations. They also discuss contingency fee arrangements, offering a pathway to legal representation without the burden of upfront costs.


Navigating a personal injury case can be a complex journey, with each phase playing a crucial role in shaping the outcome. From the initial incident to the final settlement, understanding this process can empower you to make informed decisions. Remember, having a personal injury lawyer on your side can offer invaluable guidance and support, ensuring your rights are protected every step of the way.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the stages of an injury claim?

The stages of an injury claim include hiring an attorney, investigations, settlement demand, filing a lawsuit, pretrial, trial, and post-trial procedures.

What are personal injury damages awarded?

Personal injury damages may include compensation for various losses such as medical expenses, lost wages, and pain and suffering. The amount and types of damages awarded depend on the nature and severity of the injury and the laws of the jurisdiction.

Related Articles
Close Icon